Hence, this factor was named other-directed
While The Heroic Heart mentions generals Washington and Dwight Eisenhower, its theme is how their self-centeredness became other-directed
through popular pressures or retrospective popular reputation.
In "The Lonely Crowd," the American sociologist David Riesman identified three broad cultural types: tradition-directed cultures that look to inherited rituals, morals and values for guidance; inner-directed cultures, in which people behave according to self-nourished values; and other-directed
cultures that react predominantly to external norms and peer influences.
While Reisman had multiple theories, the characteristics of the other-directed
theory relates to Rockwell's advertising campaign's influence over other-directed
2002) linking individuals to the environments they inhabit sheds light on the personality judgment based on environmental cues which are self-directed identity claims, other-directed
identity claims, interior behavioral residue, and exterior behavioral residue.
Shyam Sundar, distinguished Professor of Communications and co-director of the Media Effects Research Laboratory, Penn State said that people who live in collectivist cultures are often more other-directed
, who, want to know how others might look at them and also look to others as a way of influencing their own behaviors.
For Aquinas, human desires are not inherently self-directed, but rather ecstatic or other-directed
Today's parents are, in effect, the first full other-directed
In contrast, most victims of other-directed
firearm violence survive.
Ironically, infantile narcissism is innately other-directed
Why dismiss Kant, despite his axiom sapere aude and his prudently other-directed
categorical imperative, as unethical all the while designating autonomy as a real impossibility instead of an impossible ideal?
I'm sure that those approaches are effective, and I know that the movement has found inspiration in poetry and music, but I imagined a way that would emulate my father's other-directed
, gentle masculinity.