On MIR Flickr 2011 and NUS-WIDE, the frequencies of most concepts are below average, leading a concept classifier to overclassify
the frequent concepts with high occurrence frequencies in the learning stage.
Thus, the ability to classify workers as independent contractors has tangible benefits for the paying entity in terms of administrative costs and burdens, and may lead to a tendency to "overclassify
" workers as independent contractors to avoid the additional withholding and other tax burdens associated with having employees.
These opinions echoed that of the current Director of the Central Intelligence Agency Porter Goss, who told the 9/11 Commission, while then serving as the Chair of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, '[W]e overclassify
Only the judiciary is positioned to provide any sort of check and balance on this pervasive power of the executive (to overclassify
(53) Another technique that was both popular and effective was to overclassify
discovery, declaring almost every scrap of information related to detainees to be classified or otherwise protected, forcing habeas counsel to utilize time-consuming and cumbersome procedures to review documents and submit court filings.
(18) The American tendency to overclassify
everything does not help.
Hamilton speaks to the lack of incentives stating, "As we say in our report, there is this very strong urge, which every one of you has encountered, to overclassify
. Look, a document comes before a person who has the authority to classify or not classify.
In an August executive order, "Strengthening the Sharing of Terrorism Information to Protect Americans" President Bush called for reining in the government's tendency to overclassify
. He asked the CIA director, the attorney general, and others to adopt common standards to require
"One thing I've noticed is, if you overclassify
at the front-end, you create an administrative nightmare at the declassification level."
However, because funds increase in direct proportion to the number of students served, there is an inherent incentive to overclassify
students and leave them in low-cost placements (Hartman, 1980).