Forty-five and above means you are wandering into the realm of overinflation
and its associated disadvantages: the ride quality becomes harsher and jarring, uneven tyre wear focused along the centre of the tread pattern and the risk of a blowout, especially on impact with road imperfections.
makes a tire much more susceptible to cuts and impact breaks, and also magnifies the stresses on the tire structure resulting in a reduction in original life and the potential for retreadability.
sup],, In a clinical study, the P[sub]aw stress index was used to titrate PEEP in ARDS patients and it could improve lung compliance, alveolar overinflation
, and end-expiratory lung volume and decrease the release of inflammatory factors.
23] nCPAP may reduce the work of breathing by preventing dynamic airway collapse, thereby potentially reducing air trapping and improving gaseous exchange, although there may also be a risk of overinflation
We used this method to avoid the problem of overinflation
of the sensitivity, specificity, and PPV that occurs due to the non-independence of the surrogate and "true" measures with analysis 1 (Braun et al.
2) Other causative factors reported are tracheal abnormalities (Thompson and Read, 1968) (3) and overinflation
or rupture of the cuff of an endotracheal tube (Couniot and Santy, 1955; Elman et al, 1955; Tornvall et al, 1971), (4) but tracheal laceration can occur in apparently uneventful intubation too (Kumar et al, 1977).
may cause partial or total obstruction of tracheal mucosal blood flow, resulting in tracheal necrosis leading to tracheal stenosis and granulomas, and rarely--but catastrophically--rupture of the trachea.
The effect of air loss or underinflation is primarily an increase in the rolling resistance, while overinflation
decreases rolling resistance (ref.
However, SMD in SCD research is considered to be unreliable, with results that are difficult to interpret due to small number of observations and floor or ceiling effects limiting variability (Scruggs & Mastopieri, 2012), and may result in an overinflation
of the parametric effect sizes (Horner et al.
One also can switch to TVS guidance to allow for more precise placement and assess the pressure, avoiding overinflation
of the balloon (FIGURE 5B).
should be avoided, and smaller balloon compared to target vein should be chosen for angioplasty to minimize the risks of the procedure (7).
of the band can result in obstructive symptoms with pseudoachalasia seen on UGI series (Figure 12).