- the combination of misreport plus the greater willingness of more politically engaged citizens to be interviewed--has grown worse, making reported turnout rates in the Canadian Election Study now more than 20 points higher than the actual rate.
Selected hospitals with high inpatient death rates were more likely to overreport
heart disease and renal disease, and underreport cancer as an underlying cause of death.
The association with reported condom use and HIV status may be due to social desirability/reporting bias leading women to overreport
(1993) noted in their original ASR article that some "individuals in others countries [might be] less likely to overreport
their church attendance than are Americans" (p.
He noted that there can be variability in clinician assessments, and patients can both underreport and overreport
* Recent studies show that the tire pressure gauges at nearly 20 percent of all service stations overreport
tire pressure on a 35-psi tire by at least 4 psi.
Second, individuals who spend less time completing a task may be less inclined to underreport time, and potentially more inclined to overreport
time, in order to indicate that they put forth a reasonable effort on the task.
We now turn to Robinson et al.'s claim that those who work longer hours tend to overreport
The fact that people tend to overreport
how much they exercise when surveyed makes the findings "particularly robust," she said.
However, self-reported measures of activity are fraught with difficulties in obese adult populations, who tend to overreport
activity and underreport dietary energy intake .
Various studies over the years have suggested that Americans may overreport
their attendance at religious services when compared with other objective measures of their actual attendance.
Chapters that follow cover symptom validity tests and techniques for identifying negative response bias; the effectiveness of tests to identify psychological symptom overreport
; the ability of standard psychological tests to detect overreport
, including post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms; test scoring and interpretation; major flaws in reports; common misperceptions about mild traumatic brain injury; and how to protect a report from attack during testimony and common methods used to discredit neuropsychologists and their data.