paedobaptism


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Related to paedobaptism: Infant baptism

paedobaptism

(ˌpiːdəʊˈbæptɪzəm)
n
the baptism of infants

pedobaptism, paedobaptism

the historic Christian practice of infant baptism. — pedobaptist, paedobaptist, n.
See also: Baptism
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Followers of this movement truly believed they were living during "the latter part of this last time," and their language was laced with the vocabulary of John's Apocalypse." In 1609 John Smyth's apocalyptic treatise, The Character of the Beast, argued that paedobaptism signaled the mark of the beast upon the forehead of infants.
Jeffery condemned what he understood to be several anti-Christian doctrines, from Presbyterian paedobaptism to Quaker denial of the physical ordinances of baptism and communion.
Ultimately, Cross proposes a recovery of baptism in the Second Testament by offering "a wholesale reform of credo- and paedobaptism to the faith baptism, the conversion-initiation, mission-baptism of the earliest Christian communities" (p.
The assertion which they disseminate among the common people, that a long series of years elapsed after the resurrection of Christ, during which paedobaptism was unknown, is a shameful falsehood, since there is no writer, however ancient, who does not trace its origin to the days of the apostles.
Because of a common adherence to paedobaptism (the baptism of infants), and the covenant theology that was increasingly being cited in its support, they could recognize as true churches those fellowships that included in their membership both professing Christians and their children.
(92) That same year, his only book, The Doctrine of Baptism, and the Distinction of the Covenants, was published in London, in response, he claimed, to requests from "many of Gods People, formerly in England, and of late in Ireland, who have heard me upon the same subject deliver the substance of what is herein conteined." (93) Refuting paedobaptism as an "Idol of mans invention," the book seems to have buttressed his personal prestige.
For them it was not obvious that the logical or biblical outcomes of predestination or covenant theology supported anything but the paedobaptism they endorsed.
With baptism being represented as the New Testament counterpart of circumcision (WCF 28:4; Savoy 28:5), the validity of paedobaptism was assured.
The difference lies in the subjects of baptism; it is almost as if the history of baptism began anew once paedobaptism became generalized (surely later than the fourth century).
It thus seems clear that Zwingli's collection is the only one that conforms to all of the criteria noted above: (1) Zwingli and Hubmaier met and had a meaningful and comprehensive conversation at a time when the latter began challenging infant baptism; (2) Zwingli was also questioning the validity of paedobaptism at the time of their conversation; (3) Zwingli's library included the fathers that Hubmaier cites in his works and were available in Zwingli's collection before they met in 1523; and (4) Hubmaier met with Zwingli immediately before commencing his composition of the Urteil and Gesprach.
Cyprian (+258): Hubmaier referred to Cyprian primarily in negative terms as historical evidence of when the Church began to practice paedobaptism. However, Hubmaier affirmed two of Cyprian's teachings: (1) Cyprian was correct to readmit into the Church, upon sincere repentance and without rebaptism, Christians who had lapsed during the Decian persecution.
420/40): In his Urteil II, Hubmaier noted that Pelagius, another one of Augustine's opponents, denied the doctrine of original sin, thereby signaling the futility of paedobaptism. (240) Treatise, Hubm.