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 (pē′ən, -ŏn′)
In quantitative verse, a foot of one long syllable and three short syllables occurring in any order.

[Latin paeōn, from Greek paiōn, from paiān, paiōn, paean; see paean.]


(Poetry) prosody a metrical foot of four syllables, with one long one and three short ones in any order
[C17: via Latin paeon from Greek paiōn; variant of paean]
paeˈonic adj


(ˈpi ən, -ɒn)

(in classical prosody) a foot of one long and three short syllables in any order.
[1595–1605; < Latin paeōn < Greek paiṓn; see paean]
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References in classic literature ?
The son of Tydeus speared Agastrophus son of Paeon in the hip-joint with his spear.
As he spoke he began stripping the spoils from the son of Paeon, but Alexandrus husband of lovely Helen aimed an arrow at him, leaning against a pillar of the monument which men had raised to Ilus son of Dardanus, a ruler in days of old.
He was praying--raising his voice in thanksgiving at our deliverance--and had just completed a sort of paeon of gratitude that the thing couldn't climb a tree when without warning it reared up beneath him on its enormous tail and hind feet, and reached those fearfully armed paws quite to the branch upon which he crouched.
The honey-steward who taught Apian mirrors Aelred's father in religion, Bernard of Clairvaux, the Mellifluous Doctor who wrote a Song of Songs commentary, reflected in the name Paeon.
2) In his presidential address to the MLA, entitled "Humanism and Heroism," Said delivered a paeon to the labors of the pen, again in a pointedly humanistic register.
Purists may hate a remixed bonus of the original signature tune driven by electronic beeps and beats but boy band Busted's indie-pop paeon Thunderbirds Are Go takes off in all the right places.
I begin with the self-satisfied and, presumably, self-referential paeon to "moderate citizens" who "are repulsed by cultural imperialism of all varieties.
Yet Melville concludes his "Battle-Pieces" with a paeon to "America" and the conclusion of the war:
The structural comparability of Jenks's descriptions of these incomparable situations reminds us that the "First Hymn" need not be a song of praise to God, but might well be--humanizing or defiling the genre--a paeon to a person or a demon.
Ironically, in the confusion of the waning days of the Occupation, audiences seized upon the play as a paeon to the Resistance, and thus a myth was born.