Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


The study of extinct and prehistoric hominins and their primate relatives, chiefly by examining fossils and artifacts.

pa′le·o·an′thro·po·log′ic (-pə-lŏj′ĭk), pa′le·o·an′thro·po·log′i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj.
pa′le·o·an′thro·pol′o·gist n.


(ˌpeɪ li oʊˌæn θrəˈpɒl ə dʒi; esp. Brit. ˌpæl i-)

the study of the origins and predecessors of the present human species.
pa`le•o•an`thro•pol′o•gist, n.
pa`le•o•an`thro•po•log′i•cal (-pəˈlɒdʒ ɪ kəl) adj.


The scientific study of primitive human beings.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.paleoanthropology - the scientific study of human fossilspaleoanthropology - the scientific study of human fossils
vertebrate paleontology - the paleontology of vertebrates
References in periodicals archive ?
From 2006 to 2016, Wang Xiaolin of the Chinese Academy of Sciences' Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology in Beijing and his colleagues excavated a 3 square-metre sandstone block to reveal at least 215 squashed and cracked eggs among jumbled pterosaur bones.
According to a study published in Current Biology, a team of researchers from the Molecular Paleontology Lab at the Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) led by Professor FU Qiaomei use advanced ancient DNA sequencing techniques to retrieve DNA from Tianyuan man that spans the human genome.
In Dental Perspectives on Human Evolution: State-of-the-Art Research in Dental Paleoanthropology, edited by Shara E.
Filled with fascinating anecdotes, this historical look at how some of the most illustrious hominid fossils achieved worldwide fame also traces the development of the field of paleoanthropology (SN: 9/3/16, p.
1) In paleoanthropology, the recent African origin of modern humans, also called the "Out of Africa" theory (OOA), the "recent single-origin hypothesis" (RSOH), "replacement hypothesis," or "recent African origin model" (RAO), is the most widely accepted model of the geographic origin and early migration of anatomically modern humans.
The last half-century has seen much progress in evolutionary studies in academic fields such as archaeology, paleoanthropology, cognitive neuroscience, music cognition, ethology, primatology, linguistics, and semiotics.
The centrality of the hand to evolution has been a fixture in the field of paleoanthropology.
En Views of the Past, Essays in Old World Prehistory and Paleoanthropology, editado por L.
David Wilcox next lays out in detail some of the newest discoveries and theories from population genetics and paleoanthropology toward a model of human development that recognizes human beings as uniquely made in God's image, yet becoming sinners.
John Hawks, distinguished professor of paleoanthropology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and a member of Berger's team, finds this bracing.
I didn't know it at the time, but Ohio had some important affiliations with African paleoanthropology, the science of our fossil ancestors.
Dr Sue Anderson has a Master of Letters in archaeology and paleoanthropology and a PhD in cultural studies.