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The study of the forms of life existing in prehistoric or geologic times, as represented by the fossils of plants, animals, and other organisms.

pa′le·on′to·log′ic (-ŏn′tə-lŏj′ĭk), pa′le·on′to·log′i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj.
pa′le·on·tol′o·gist n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.paleontologist - a specialist in paleontologypaleontologist - a specialist in paleontology  
scientist - a person with advanced knowledge of one or more sciences
References in classic literature ?
I had forgotten what little geology I had studied at school--about all that remained was an impression of horror that the illustrations of restored prehistoric monsters had made upon me, and a well-defined belief that any man with a pig's shank and a vivid imagination could "restore" most any sort of paleolithic monster he saw fit, and take rank as a first class paleontologist.
If you ever get back to the outer world you will find that the geologists and paleontologists will be the first to set you down a liar, for they know that no such creatures as they restore ever existed.
Like a paleontologist, able to reconstruct an entire skeleton from one fossil bone, he was able to reconstruct a whole speech from the one word REVOLUTION.
From later observation--I mention this as worthy the attention of paleontologists and naturalists--I came to the conclusion that such creatures as the cave-bear, the cave-lion and the saber-tooth tiger, as well as the larger carnivorous reptiles make, ordinarily, two kills a day--one in the morning and one after night.
In the new scenario, the animal held its feathered legs and feet beneath the body, says Sankar Chatterjee, a paleontologist at Texas Tech University in Lubbock.
She's a paleontologist and stegosaur expert at the University of Cambridge in England.
Jefferson (District Paleontologist, Colorado Desert District, California State Parks) and Lowell Lindsay (CEO and Publisher, Sunbelt Publications, San Diego, California), Fossil Treasures Of The Anza-Borrego Desert is an impressively informative collection enhanced with over 300 photographs, maps, tables, appendices, illustrations, and diagrams with useful, helpful and informative information on California's awe-inspiring Anza-Borrego State Park.
SIMI VALLEY - For nearly a decade, paleontologist Mark Roeder focused on finding the ``little guys'' buried for centuries beneath thousands of feet of rock at the Simi Valley Landfill.
COMPUTER SCIENCE: Imagine you are a paleontologist on a dig in Liaoning Province.
Henry Fairfield Osborne, a wealthy railroad heir, distinguished paleontologist, and the head of the American Museum of Natural History, had a theory that large mammals first evolved in central Asia.
Nate Murphy, the paleontologist in charge of the dig, strolled over to take a look.