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The study of the forms of life existing in prehistoric or geologic times, as represented by the fossils of plants, animals, and other organisms.

pa′le·on′to·log′ic (-ŏn′tə-lŏj′ĭk), pa′le·on′to·log′i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj.
pa′le·on·tol′o·gist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.paleontologist - a specialist in paleontologypaleontologist - a specialist in paleontology  
scientist - a person with advanced knowledge of one or more sciences
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
Like a paleontologist, able to reconstruct an entire skeleton from one fossil bone, he was able to reconstruct a whole speech from the one word REVOLUTION.
If you ever get back to the outer world you will find that the geologists and paleontologists will be the first to set you down a liar, for they know that no such creatures as they restore ever existed.
From later observation--I mention this as worthy the attention of paleontologists and naturalists--I came to the conclusion that such creatures as the cave-bear, the cave-lion and the saber-tooth tiger, as well as the larger carnivorous reptiles make, ordinarily, two kills a day--one in the morning and one after night.
"People were exposed to these long-necked dinosaurs labeled as Brontosaurus," says paleontologist Matthew Mossbrucker of the Morrison Natural History Museum in Colorado.
There are more than 200 tracks in an area smaller than a football field from 10 different ancient animals that lived during the early Cretaceous period, said Utah Bureau of Land Management paleontologist ReBecca Hunt-Foster.
She's a paleontologist and stegosaur expert at the University of Cambridge in England.
Jefferson (District Paleontologist, Colorado Desert District, California State Parks) and Lowell Lindsay (CEO and Publisher, Sunbelt Publications, San Diego, California), Fossil Treasures Of The Anza-Borrego Desert is an impressively informative collection enhanced with over 300 photographs, maps, tables, appendices, illustrations, and diagrams with useful, helpful and informative information on California's awe-inspiring Anza-Borrego State Park.
COMPUTER SCIENCE: Imagine you are a paleontologist on a dig in Liaoning Province.
Henry Fairfield Osborne, a wealthy railroad heir, distinguished paleontologist, and the head of the American Museum of Natural History, had a theory that large mammals first evolved in central Asia.
In the new scenario, the animal held its feathered legs and feet beneath the body, says Sankar Chatterjee, a paleontologist at Texas Tech University in Lubbock.
For a paleontologist (fossil scientist), nothing beats digging up dinosaur bones--except when the bones are still covered in skin!
Nate Murphy, the paleontologist in charge of the dig, strolled over to take a look.