pallium

(redirected from palliums)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

pal·li·um

 (păl′ē-əm)
n. pl. pal·li·ums or pal·li·a (păl′ē-ə)
1. A cloak or mantle worn by the ancient Greeks and Romans.
2. Ecclesiastical A vestment worn by the pope and conferred by him on archbishops. Also called pall1.
3.
a. The mantle of gray matter forming the cerebral cortex.
b. The mantle of a mollusk or a brachiopod.

[Latin.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

pallium

(ˈpælɪəm)
n, pl -lia (-lɪə) or -liums
1. (Historical Terms) a garment worn by men in ancient Greece or Rome, made by draping a large rectangular cloth about the body
2. (Roman Catholic Church) chiefly RC Church a woollen vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging from it front and back: worn by the pope, all archbishops, and (as a mark of special honour) some bishops
3. (Anatomy) anatomy Also called: mantle the cerebral cortex and contiguous white matter
4. (Zoology) zoology another name for mantle5
[C16: from Latin: cloak; related to Latin palla mantle]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pal•li•um

(ˈpæl i əm)

n., pl. pal•li•a (ˈpæl i ə) pal•li•ums.
1. a piece of cloth wrapped about the body as an outer garment in ancient Greece and Rome; himation.
2. a woolen vestment worn by the pope and by archbishops, consisting of a narrow band resting on the shoulders, with a lappet in front and behind.
4. the mantle of a mollusk or bird.
[1555–65; < Latin; compare pall1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pallium - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrumpallium - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
Golgi cell, Golgi's cell - a neuron in the cerebral cortex with short dendrites and with either a long axon or a short axon that ramifies in the grey matter
neocortex, neopallium - the cortical part of the neencephalon
archipallium, paleocortex - the olfactory cortex of the cerebrum
gray matter, gray substance, grey matter, grey substance, substantia grisea - greyish nervous tissue containing cell bodies as well as fibers; forms the cerebral cortex consisting of unmyelinated neurons
cortical area, cortical region - any of various regions of the cerebral cortex
cerebrum - anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans
frontal cortex, frontal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying directly behind the forehead
prefrontal cortex, prefrontal lobe - the anterior part of the frontal lobe
parietal cortex, parietal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying below the crown of the head
occipital cortex, occipital lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying in the back of the head
temporal ccortex, temporal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying inside the temples of the head
2.pallium - (zoology) a protective layer of epidermis in mollusks or brachiopods that secretes a substance forming the shell
epidermis, cuticle - the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates
zoological science, zoology - the branch of biology that studies animals
3.pallium - (Roman Catholic Church) vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging in front and back
vestment - gown (especially ceremonial garments) worn by the clergy
Church of Rome, Roman Catholic Church, Roman Church, Western Church, Roman Catholic - the Christian Church based in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy
4.pallium - cloak or mantle worn by men in ancient Rome
cloak - a loose outer garment
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
References in classic literature ?
Accustomed to feign much interest in the persons with whom they deal, notaries have at last produced upon their features a grimace of their own, which they take on and off as an official "pallium." This mask of benevolence, the mechanism of which is so easy to perceive, irritated Bartolomeo to such an extent that he was forced to collect all the powers of his reason to prevent him from throwing Monsieur Roguin through the window.
Peter is giving the pallium to the Pope, and a standard to Charlemagne.
He alters all divine ordinances, suppresses Holy Scripture, and sells dispensations, indulgences, palliums, and bishoprics.