panarchy


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panarchy

Rare. a realm or dominion that includes the universe.
See also: Government
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It would be simple enough, he wrote in Panarchy, "to move from republic to monarchy, from representative government to autocracy, from oligarchy to democracy, or even to Mr.
Holling (eds) (2002) Panarchy, Washington, DC: Island Press.
In: Panarchy: Understanding transformations in human and natural system, Island Press: Washington, 2002.
Panarchy. Understanding transformations in Human and Natural Systems.
Holling, Gunderson, and their colleagues have posited a "panarchy" vision of adaptive change that informs how we can better manage to reach a normatively desirable transformation in an otherwise unpredictable environment.
Ruhl, Panarchy and the Law, 17 Ecology & Soc'y, no.
The emphasis on constant change in the SES framework suggests that the overall behavior of the farming system is perhaps best seen as contingent, emergent and adaptive, a "work in progress" reflecting how the multiple decision-makers within the panarchy (see below) develop the "rules of the game." Since this results in complex interactions that make future developments unpredictable, here again is another reason to move away from "the analytical assumptions of equilibrium thinking, centered on linearity, predictability, optimization, homogeneity and simplification" (Scoones et al, 2007; Darnhofer et al., 2011:187).