The notion of panentheism
has become quite popular among Christian systematic theologians in recent years.
If theopoetics had a metaphysics, panentheism
would make the best fit.
Additionally, the spirituality that Van Wieren advocates seems to be a version of panentheism
that finds a connection to God in nature through restoration activities rather than through direct communion with God.
In fact, many Orthodox thinkers heartily embrace pantheism's monotheistic cousin, panentheism
Unified monism doesn't imply neutral monism, pantheism (one God substance), or panentheism
(God in all).
However, because panentheism
nudges towards animism--which has long been condemned by African scholars as an overreaction--the God proclaimed by missionary-oriented Akan Christians has lost an essential quality found in the traditional notion of the Supreme Being.
The idea of the Highest One as Being's self-disclosure is part of what distinguishes Johnston's panentheism
from mere pantheism.
For Gaarden, there seems to be something more at stake here than just a discussion of literary figures shaped by MacDonald's universalist theology, his panentheism
, and his mysticism.
Yet there exists a view in the philosophy of God that both highlights God's immanence, but does not negate his transcendence: this view is known as panentheism
According to Muller (2008), panentheism
can be distinguished from pantheism, which posits that God (theos) is in everything (pan), whereas panentheism
paradoxically posits that every part of the cosmos exists within God and God pervades and interpenetrates every part of the cosmos, yet remains transcendental.
, THE OTHER GOD OF THE PHILOSOPHERS, FROM PLATO TO THE PRESENT.
The last two chapters of the book are devoted to this task as Birch summarizes his understanding of pansubjectivism in chapter five and panentheism
in chapter six.