Ocular toxicities include optic neuritis, papilledema
, cerebral blindness, blurred vision and altered color perception have been reported.
The fundus may present papilledema
, abnormal optic disc, retinal hemorrhage and ipsilateral blindness to the lesion (MAULDIN et al., 2000).
Individuals with IIH frequently suffer from cerebrospinal fluid leaks, severe headaches, visual field defects, palsy of cranial nerves, tinnitus, intracranial noises, and papilledema
. The literature reports the association between IIH, elevated IgF-1 levels, and growth hormone therapy (as a trigger for IIH).
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a syndrome characterized by increased intracranial pressure (ICP) of unknown etiology with normal neurologic examination and normal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings, except for symptoms and signs such as headache, papilledema
, tinnitus, sixth nerve palsy, and loss of vision (1).
* C-62158 / Papilledema
and idiopathic intracranial hypertension
Pupils were normally reactive to light with no papilledema
The following day, ophthalmological consultation found bilateral papilledema
and the patient was admitted to our hospitalist service via the Emergency Department.
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), which is commonly called pseudotumor cerebri, is a disorder characterized by symptoms and signs of higher intracranial pressure such as headache, papilledema
and vision loss without any other cause of intracranial hypertension on neuroimaging and with normal cerebrospinal fluid composition.
Isotretinoin, or 13-cis-retinoic acid, has been prescribed frequently to treat severe acne, however, the most common ocular side effects are dry eye, decreased dark adaptation, and papilledema
resulting from intracranial hypertension.
Optometrist, Hardeep Bahra spotted swelling of the optic disc, a condition known as papilledema
, when she looked at Simona's eyes using a binocular microscope.
This led to papilledema
, where the optic nerve swells.
Other possible causes of macular star include hypertensive retinopathy, papilledema
, anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, diabetic papillopathy, and toxic etiologies.