Perlis and Lichstein (2003) suggest paradoxical intention
(PI) as an effective treatment for individuals attempting to manage sleep disturbance and symptoms of insomnia.
He explains the ideas behind provocative coaching and the psychological mechanisms through which this coaching style works, describing how it is related to paradoxical intention
and reverse psychology.
The therapeutic technique known as paradoxical intention
(helping the client overcome a feared behavior by exaggerating or following through with the behavior), which is used in Frankl's logotherapy, one approach to existential therapy, has been examined empirically.
The most commonly used cognitive-behavioral therapies in the oncology setting are stimulus control, sleep restriction, relaxation, and paradoxical intention
. These may be used alone or in combination, and sleep hygiene education can also be added to the therapy plan.
Schoenewolf discusses three phases of Marvin's therapy: a narcissistic phase, a phase characterized primarily by behavioral treatment and including paradoxical intention
; and a psy-chodynamic phase that included group therapy.
. This cognitive strategy is used to alleviate difficulty with falling asleep (Broomfield & Espie, 2003).
This is a sort of physiological version of paradoxical intention
, as I see it.
* Paradoxical intention
: instructs patient to concentrate on staying awake in order to reduce fruitless efforts to fall asleep.
Marlowe's extant biography and |uncertain' death thus neatly filled the so called |Lost Years' of Shakespeare biography, while the scholarly attribution of some of Shakespeare's early plays to Marlowe suggested a plausibly cogent stylistic development.(2) But Taylor was simply trying his contemporaries credulity and his paradoxical intention
can hardly be better illustrated than by noting that between his two provocative suggestions in the Monthly Review he published a letter defending the existence of Marlowe in the rival Monthly Magazine for January 1820 (v.48, 492; identified as Taylor's in Robberds, v.2, 503-4).
Paradoxe Intentionen (Paradoxical Intentions
), begun in 1988 and completed four years later, has at its core a domestically scaled shrine that Oppermann pieced together from fragments of blue and red glass; it is the backdrop to an intense arrangement of Polaroids--mostly self-portraits--and small-scale drawings, many of which depict these very photographs as they sit on and around the shrine.
Swinburne's status is a challenging combination of imitation and originality that resists easy classification and is due to the paradoxical intentions
of his work.
It was in the days of the papacy of John XXIII, and my elderly friend, in enthusiastically praising the pope's virtues, said (with clearly paradoxical intentions
): "Pope John must be an atheist.