The two other important ones are paralanguage
, and that's how you're delivering the words, so tone of voice, and the really big one is kinesics, and that has to do with action-based, nonverbal communication.
This is for complementarity, hence, the speech and paralanguage
used for peace building during the 2015 elections were described.
It should be noted, however, that besides using unique ultra-Orthodox jargon, participants also expressed themselves extensively in the Internet paralanguage
, including icons and emoticons (smileys and the like), as well as common textual style, such as favoring abbreviations, integrating foreign text, highlighting final letters, and using multiple punctuation marks (especially exclamation points), as in "Big like," "Ssssshit, I wasted the whole morning," "Wow
In retrospect, I would have wanted the students to reflect more on the cultural contexts of profanities: why people swear, how people swear (complete with paralanguage
, which means volume, tone and other qualities of speech).
The use of voice tone, loudness, intonations, speech rate, pitch, etc.
The process of wordless communication (nonverbal communication) includes: body language, face expression, eye contact and actions of looking, paralanguage
, touch, use of distance, use of time.
This session explores nonverbal communication--from facial expressions, eye contact, body movement, paralanguage
(tone, inflection, rate), our use of space, etc.
The use of nonverbal communication in the communication process is through kinesic language and paralanguage
Volume 2: paralanguage
, kinesics, silence, personal and environmental interaccion.
This conclusion also supports previous studies that report missing social cues in CMC can be compensated for with response time; humorous or personalized message content; or paralanguage
and emoticons, such as happy and sad faces (Picciano, 2002; Richardson & Swan, 2003; Rourke et al.
bodily actions) coupled with language and paralanguage
enhance language comprehension and production.
Sue and Sue (2008) explained that cultural differences could cause misunderstandings of implicit communication, including proxemics (interpersonal space), kinesics (body movements), paralanguage
(vocal cues) and high-low context communication (degree of reliance on non-verbal cues).