The discourse flow can be either from language to language and back again, use of paralinguistics
to support communication, or a combination of the two between and across both languages, with pedagogical reasons (e.g., scaffolding comprehension, behaviour management, emphasis) as the basis of moving between languages.
Parents' choice of particular words; their language choices; their use of concurrent sounds or body gestures (nonverbal behaviors); their tone of speech, rhythm of speaking, and emphasis on particular words (paralinguistics
); and their physiologic responses while telling their stories (tensing of muscles, turning red in the face, voice shaking, crying vs.
Prosody and Speaker State: Paralinguistics
, Pragmatics, and Proficiency.
This study area seems to have great importance and promise because chronemics seems to link all other areas of nonverbal communication studies as interrelated, dynamic processes, i.e.: proxemics; kinesics; paralinguistics
; haptics; oculesics; olfaction; gustation; etc.
In addition, micro-skills (e.g., reflection of feeling, open-ended questions, paraphrases) along with guidance in observation (e.g., behavioral observation, paralinguistics
, non-verbal communication, noting cues in submitted work) can be emphasized and practiced, especially in the context of helping pre-service teachers gain skills around assessing and understanding their future students' stress.
of Vienna, Austria) presents an approach to the analysis of live poetry, both performance poetry and traditional readings, using disciplines such as literary studies, paralinguistics
, musicology, kinesics, theatre and performance studies, and folklore studies.
All of them were examined under the prism of nonverbal communication aspects such as proxemics, paralinguistics
, facial expression, posture, etc.
A native speaker is also expected to "know" another native speaker, in part because of an intuitive feel, like for like, but also in part because of a characteristic systematic set of indicators, linguistic, pragmatic and paralinguistics
, as well as an assumption of shared cultural knowledge" (p.207)
But it may also be that, given certain coded units, overcoding will analyze these units into more analytical entities, as when, given a word, paralinguistics
establishes that different ways of pronouncing it (of a stressing on its various syllables, or of insisting on a particular kind of phonetic emission) correspond to different shades of meaning ...
Early research on locus of control and conflict found that in organizational settings, those who were considered to have internal LOC were more likely to use persuasive tactics and less likely to use coercion (Goodstadt & Hjelle, 1973), while Doherty and Ryder (1979) found that externals were more assertive but had less confident paralinguistics
(i.e., voice tone).
Likewise, the speaker must seamlessly integrate into his or her message effective cues of voice: pace, rhythm, pitch, attack, volume, inflection, pauses, silences, and other vocal qualities or "paralinguistics
and you see that I have a jealous little boy.) Paralinguistics
or non-semantic aspects of speech were also coded, including crying, laughing, and pauses.