These articles show how even choices to avoid providing material care are carried out according to value-laden notions of responsibility towards unequally positioned kin: migrants who invest more in a full sister's children than they do in a half-brother's, who offer more substantial gifts to a crosscousin abroad than to a parallel cousin
nearby, and who strategically delay requests by avoiding calls, rather than refusing to help outright.
Nevertheless, you still might hear someone mention a "second parallel cousin twice removed" Just in case you are asked if you have such a relative, here is a clear explanation of how to classify your cousins.
A parallel cousin is a child of either sex of your father's brother or mother's sister.
Determination of cross or parallel kin is consistent throughout the network in such a way that a parallel cousin
's cross-cousin is without exception a cross-cousin and always falls into the affinal category.
The terms 'cross' and 'parallel' are most often used in relation to cousins: first cross-cousins are mother's brother's child (MBC) and father's sister's child (FZC), whereas parallel cousins
are mother's sister's child (MZC) and father's brother's child (FBC).
On the status of women, Muslim women are denied certain fights that men have, such as the fight to choose a marriage partner (rather, endogamous marriages are arranged with parallel cousins
), the fight to pursue an education, property fights, and the fight to pursue a career after marriage.
Two significant features of Dravidian systems include the division of the social universe into two "supercategories" of cross and parallel cousins
in which the former are always potential affines and the latter consanguines, and persistent bilateral cross cousin marriage.
But in Senegal, like much of Africa, there are distinct kinship terms for 'parallel cousins', meaning the children of siblings of the same sex, and 'crosscousins', or the children of siblings of the opposite sex (Fox 1967: 185).
The particularity of Abdou and Rama's relationship is further illustrated through comparison with Abdou's relationship with one of his parallel cousins in Dakar, Coumba, who was two years younger than Rama.
Intuitively, opposite sex cross-cousins are potential spouses and their children are therefore classified with ego's siblings and parallel cousins while same sex cross-cousins are potential in-laws and their children are classified with ego's cross-cousins (Trautmann 1981; Godelier et al.
Same sex cross- cousins are distinguished from siblings and parallel cousins and equated with affines in Dravidian manner: inoli [male] MBS = [male] FZS = WB = [male] ZH, inomas [female] MBD = [female] FZD = HZ = [female] BW.
Kriol speakers also use cousin in compound terms to describe parallel cousins
: cousin-brother and cousin-sister.