paralogism

(redirected from paralogists)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia.

pa·ral·o·gism

 (pə-răl′ə-jĭz′əm)
n.
A fallacious or illogical argument or conclusion.

[Late Latin paralogismus, from Greek paralogismos, from paralogos, unreasonable : para-, beyond; see para-1 + logos, reason; see leg- in Indo-European roots.]

pa·ral′o·gist n.
pa·ral′o·gis′tic adj.

paralogism

(pəˈræləˌdʒɪzəm)
n
1. (Logic) logic psychol an argument that is unintentionally invalid. Compare sophism
2. (Psychology) logic psychol an argument that is unintentionally invalid. Compare sophism
3. any invalid argument or conclusion
[C16: via Late Latin from Greek paralogismos, from paralogizesthai to argue fallaciously, from para-1 + -logizesthai, ultimately from logos word]
paˈralogist n
paˌraloˈgistic adj

paralogism, paralogy, paralogia

a method or process of reasoning which contradicts logical rules or formulas, especially the use of a faulty syllogism (the formal fallacy). — paralogist, n. — paralogistic, adj.
See also: Argumentation
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.paralogism - an unintentionally invalid argument
fallacy, false belief - a misconception resulting from incorrect reasoning
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Two hundred-plus pages of verbal assaults on flapdoodle, balderdash, mountebanks, yeggmen, hokum, and anthropoid paralogists can be wearying.