paralogy


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paralogy

(pəˈrælɒdʒɪ)
n, pl -gies
1. false reasoning
2. (Biology) biology an anatomical similarity without shared ancestry

paralogism, paralogy, paralogia

a method or process of reasoning which contradicts logical rules or formulas, especially the use of a faulty syllogism (the formal fallacy). — paralogist, n. — paralogistic, adj.
See also: Argumentation
a reasoning disorder characterized by inappropriate responses to questions and illusiorial or delusional speech. — paralogical, adj.
See also: Psychology
References in periodicals archive ?
To define knowledge as a form of paralogy is to acknowledge the presence of multiple conflicting discourses and this is enough to dismiss the need for legitimation.
Classification of these gene fragments into paralogy groups was determined by comparison of their derived amino acid sequence, using diagnostic amino acids, to the homeodomain of known Hox and ParaHox genes.
The zebrafish genome encodes the largest vertebrate repertoire of functional aquaporins with dual paralogy and substrate specificities similar to mammals.
Starting by reanimating Jean-Francois Lyotard's notion of "negative dialogics" or paralogy, Di Leo turns to poststructuralism's linguistic anti-foundationalisms, where speech or language itself can escape from set structures, determined narratives, preestablished meanings, consensual agreement, and coercions (29).
This method of legitimation, which Lyotard terms "legitimation by paralogy," would only be possible in a situation where all actors are aware of the language game--what we have been referring to as "script" and what Agamben refers to as "the being-in-language of human beings"--they are participating in and all of the possible moves it affords them.
1982], in The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge [1979], Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi (trans), Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1984, p76; and on the critical function of paralogy, see, in that volume, pp6067.
Available data includes DNA sequences (from databases including the EMBL-Bank, Genome Reviews, and ENSEMBL); protein sequences (from databases including the UniProt Knowledgebase and IPI); statistical genome and proteome analysis (performed using InterPro, C1uSTr, and GOA); and information about orthology, paralogy, and synteny.
Orthology, paralogy and proposed classification for paralog subtypes.
paralogy, concerted evolution, intragenic polymorphism), these regions have been successfully used in resolving palm phylogenetic relationships especially at lower taxonomic levels (Lewis & Doyle, 2001, 2002; Gunn, 2004; Bayton, 2005; Roncal et al.
Keywords: humanities, humanism, legitimation, sciences, narrative, paradox, paralogy, identity, postmodernism.