paralogy


Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia.

paralogy

(pəˈrælɒdʒɪ)
n, pl -gies
1. false reasoning
2. (Biology) biology an anatomical similarity without shared ancestry

paralogism, paralogy, paralogia

a method or process of reasoning which contradicts logical rules or formulas, especially the use of a faulty syllogism (the formal fallacy). — paralogist, n. — paralogistic, adj.
See also: Argumentation
a reasoning disorder characterized by inappropriate responses to questions and illusiorial or delusional speech. — paralogical, adj.
See also: Psychology
References in periodicals archive ?
Starting by reanimating Jean-Francois Lyotard's notion of "negative dialogics" or paralogy, Di Leo turns to poststructuralism's linguistic anti-foundationalisms, where speech or language itself can escape from set structures, determined narratives, preestablished meanings, consensual agreement, and coercions (29).
paralogy, concerted evolution, intragenic polymorphism), these regions have been successfully used in resolving palm phylogenetic relationships especially at lower taxonomic levels (Lewis & Doyle, 2001, 2002; Gunn, 2004; Bayton, 2005; Roncal et al.
Keywords: humanities, humanism, legitimation, sciences, narrative, paradox, paralogy, identity, postmodernism.
Moreover, the "lessons" neither synthesise opposing views nor do they bridge incompatible sides so that "heads and tails", obverse and reverse, articulated structurally as "double" or paralogy emerge even more forcefully at a lesson's closure than at its beginning.
Plurality or Paralogy is no longer just a description of the actual existential condition in which dialogue happens, but posited as a rule, an end of dialogue to replace the search for consensus (See Lyotard 1987, 88) and harmony.