The overall paracat programme will address the role of paramagnetism
in catalysis with a focus on a knowledge-based bottom-up approach, Integrating homogeneous, Heterogeneous and bio-catalysis with the objective of 1) designing new catalysts based on earth abundant and safe elements; 2) discovery of new and more sustainable reaction pathways for the activation of small molecules and selective oxidations by learning from nature; 3) enabling new routes for polymerization and de-polymerization reactions.
Studying the jaw-bone of a victim, scientists leveraged properties of paramagnetism
or the situation in which bones become weakly magnetic due to the impact of X-rays and gamma rays.
Chudoba et al., "Paramagnetism
of cobalt-doped ZnO nanoparticles obtained by microwave solvothermal synthesis," Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, vol.
Consequently, a decrease of paramagnetism
is clearly observed (Figure 10).
Palacios, "Metastability and Paramagnetism
in Superconducting Mesoscopic Disks," Physical Review Letters, vol.
Gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCA) are the current standard for MRI contrast agents owing to their high paramagnetism
. There are 9 GBCA that are clinically approved; however, there are multiple reports of toxicity [108-110].
The magnitude of paramagnetism
was assessed by use of the equation ueff = 2.828 (IM.T)1/2 B.M.
The elastic-magnetic formula also applies to materials for which magnetic fields induce a weak attraction known as paramagnetism
. And ferromagnetic materials, those strongly attracted to magnetic fields and usually synonymous with the term "magnetic," obey Binek's formula above a certain temperature threshold that makes them behave more like their paramagnetic cousins.
Forbes, "A little spin on the side: solvent and temperature dependent paramagnetism
in [[RuII[(bpy).sub.2] (phendione)].sup.2+]," Dalton Transactions, vol.
The ferromagnetism can be considered a special case of paramagnetism
in which the magnetic moments of individual atoms align, and all point in the same direction.
Importantly, the two spectra show a meaningful overlap with the holo-Ros87 spectra (data not shown) in the regions not influenced by the paramagnetism
of Co(II), thus suggesting for the cobalt-loaded proteins a structure very similar to the zinc-loaded proteins.