paramecium

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Related to parameciums: oral groove

par·a·me·ci·um

 (păr′ə-mē′sē-əm, -shē-əm)
n. pl. par·a·me·ci·a (-sē-ə, -shē-ə) or par·a·me·ci·ums
Any of various slipper-shaped freshwater ciliate protozoans of the genus Paramecium, having an oral groove for feeding.

[New Latin Paramēcium, genus name, from Greek paramēkēs, oblong in shape : para-, alongside; see para-1 + mēkos, length; see māk- in Indo-European roots.]

paramecium

or

paramoecium

n, pl -cia (-sɪə)
(Animals) any freshwater protozoan of the genus Paramecium, having an oval body covered with cilia and a ventral ciliated groove for feeding: phylum Ciliophora (ciliates)
[C18: New Latin, from Greek paramēkēs elongated, from para-1 + mēkos length]

par•a•me•ci•um

(ˌpær əˈmi ʃi əm, -ʃəm, -si əm)

n., pl. -ci•a (-ʃi ə, -si ə)
a freshwater protozoan of the genus Paramecium, having an oval body with a long, deep oral groove and a fringe of cilia.
[1745–55; < New Latin < Greek paramḗk(ēs) oblong, oval (para- para-1 + -mēkēs, adj. derivative of mêkos length) + New Latin -ium -ium2]

par·a·me·ci·um

(păr′ə-mē′sē-əm)
Plural paramecia or parameciums
Any of various freshwater protozoans that are usually oval in shape and that move by means of cilia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.paramecium - any member of the genus Parameciumparamecium - any member of the genus Paramecium  
ciliate, ciliated protozoan, ciliophoran - a protozoan with a microscopic appendage extending from the surface of the cell
genus Paramecium - freshwater ciliate with an oval body and long deep oral groove
References in periodicals archive ?
First she had to pick up jars of amoebas and parameciums for her students' experiments.
Thus a fragment of histone H4 gene (160bp) was sequenced in ten locally isolated strains of Paramecium species including a standing-alone on the basis of 18SrDNA gene sequence strain FT8.
Phylogenetic relationships of ciliates, Ribotyping, 18SrDNA analysis, FT8, Paramecium.
Among them genus Paramecium of the oligohymenophorea ciliates is well studied in terms of its diversity, ultrastructure, physiology and genetics.
Especially, the sibling species of the Paramecium aurelia complex have been intensively studied because of their complex genomics and as an example of species radiation (Coleman, 2005; Aury et al.
Recently, investigations on H4 proteins for understanding of the evolutionary relationship of Paramecium species have increased tremendously.
2006) compared thirteen ciliates including Paramecium with other eukaryotes.
So the aim of the present study was to resolve the phylogenetic relationship of Paramecium species on the basis of analysis of H4 gene sequences.