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Related to parapraxes: parapraxis, Freudian slips


n. pl. par·a·prax·es (-prăk′sēz)
A minor error, such as a slip of the tongue, thought to reveal a repressed motive.

[para- + Greek praxis, act, action; see praxis.]


(Psychoanalysis) psychoanal a minor error in action, such as slips of the tongue, supposedly the result of repressed impulses. See also Freudian slip
[C20: from para-1 + Greek praxis a doing, deed]


(ˌpær əˈpræk sɪs)

also par•a•prax•i•a

(-ˈpræk si ə)

n., pl. -prax•es (-ˈpræk siz) also -prax•i•as.
a slip of the tongue, misplacement of objects, or other error thought to reveal unconscious motives.
[1935–40; para-1 + Greek prâxis act, action; compare praxis]


the process whereby a person fails to complete his intention, as by the mislaying of objects, thought to be the result of a conflict between unconscious and conscious intention.
See also: Psychology
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.parapraxis - a minor inadvertent mistake usually observed in speech or writing or in small accidents or memory lapses etc.parapraxis - a minor inadvertent mistake usually observed in speech or writing or in small accidents or memory lapses etc.
error, fault, mistake - a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention; "he made a bad mistake"; "she was quick to point out my errors"; "I could understand his English in spite of his grammatical faults"
Freudian slip - a slip-up that (according to Sigmund Freud) results from the operation of unconscious wishes or conflicts and can reveal unconscious processes in normal healthy individuals
References in periodicals archive ?
If Lacan, like Aristotle, attributes the highest pleasure to theoria, for the psychoanalyst it is parapraxes, jokes, dreams, and symptoms that constitute our modern "theoretical" pleasure, the enjoyment of unconscious thought.
He imagines that there is a subtending "Real" of human experience (invested in the unconscious) that cannot be directly expressed through the logic of Western sciences and philosophies, nor the rhetoric of religions, nor the discourses of societal compacts--something that can only be expressed in metaphors couched in the form of symptoms, parapraxes, dreams, flashes of wit, and the like.
The unconscious that I am concerned with is the "dynamic" Freudian-Lacanian unconscious: the psychical system composed of ideas that have been repressed (most commonly, childhood wishes), which subsequently return to consciousness in disguised form, as compromise-formations such as dreams, parapraxes, and symptoms (Freud, 2001 [1900], 2001a [1915]; Laplanche and Pontalis, 1973: 474).
Another perspective comes from Freud, arguably one of the principal theorists and innovators of translation, who deemed that translation encompassed: 'dreams; generalised hysterical, obsessive and phobic symptomatology; parapraxes; fetishes; the choice of suicidal means; and the analyst's interpretations' (Mahony, 2001: p 837).
Freud also, of course, collected his patient's cases, memories, dreams and 'parapraxes' (slips of the tongue, mistakes, mislayings, failures of action).
It comprehends erotic life's subversion of language through puns, accidental portmanteaus and parapraxes; its axes of language are condensation and displacement.
As will become clear, regressions into various forms of unfree activity, for example, in the forms of dreams, parapraxes, and neuroses--that is, the very modes of activity that we associate with the life of the unconscious-are, for Hegel, always possible.
Psychoanalysis treats these parapraxes as revealing because they are considered intentional, in fact, over-determined, providing access to the unconscious.
At this point, we need to introduce the psychoanalytic view on slips of the tongue; these 'linguistic errors' are considered to be acte manque and because an English equivalent was more than vital, the word 'parapraxes' (failed acts) was created.