And, like other solitary wasps, they parasitize
other insects to provision their young.
in the biliary system and thus could cause liver and biliary disorders. Adults of Paragonimus spp.mainly parasitize
in lung and thus could lead to the damage of lung. Based on these two clues (epidemiological history and clinical symptoms), an infection with Paragonimus spp.
Thus, a louse can parasitize
a second host presenting similar conditions as the first one.
vespilloides females parasitize
dominant females' broods of the same species , and females will accept the parasitic offspring as their own as long as the larvae do not hatch more than 8 hours before their own larvae should hatch [31-33].
However, this ability to parasitize
can be altered according to the temperature conditions and this abiotic factor must be considered for the biological control efficiency with T.
Haywardi was also capible to parasitize
the pupae that were buried up to 5 cm depth.
Mites are known to be parasitic on both invertebrate and vertebrate animals and mites that parasitize
mosquitoes are recorded in a few places worldwide.
Skillful at stealth and stalking, brown-headed cow-birds parasitize
birds of about 200 other species throughout North America; researchers have observed that birds of 144 of those species have raised cowbird offspring.
The effectiveness of a parasitoid depends upon its ability to locate hosts at low densities and to parasitize
large numbers of hosts at high densities.
wild plants, some of them have become noxious weeds on a variable range of cultivated hosts .
For example, the best-known kissing bug parasitoid Telenomus fariai Lima, 1927 (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae), is able to parasitize
the eggs of species in three triatomine genera, Panstrongylus, Rhodnius, and Triatoma [12, 14, 15].
This is the case of the cosmopolitan Taenia taeniaeformis Batsch, 1786 (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) whose adult stages parasitize
the small intestine of felids, viverrids, and canids including domestic dogs and mainly domestic cats (Miyasaki, 1991; Loos-Frank, 2000).