On average, 10% of insect species are parasitoids
and, among the known parasitoid
species, 80% belong to Hymenoptera, followed by Diptera (Van Driesche and Bellows, 1996).
Highly specific preferences for host stages that are correlated with fitness benefits might explain the coexistence of multiple parasitoid
species that use a single host species.
Discovered in the western Amazonia, the parasitoid
wasp likes to look for spiders in their nests.
However, the efficiency of this parasitoid
is variable according to the locality and the plants on which P.
Native cynipid parasitoids
are able to rapidly adapt to new exotic hosts; as a result host shift events may occur and even changing in parasitoid
behaviour  showed how galls of invading cynipid species in Britain have become the main hosts of local parasitoid
However, strategies of biological control have been reported in Brazil as promising options for control of the cotton bollworm, such as: strains of virus HzSNPV (Ardisson-Araujo, Sosa-Gomez, Melo, Bao, & Ribeiro, 2015), Cry toxins and entomopathogenic fungi (Metarhizium anisopliae, Metarhizium rileyi and Nomuraea rileyi) (Costa et al., 2015; Vivan, Torres, & Fernandes, 2017), larval parasitoid
(Guerra, Guerra, Ribas, Goncalves, & Mastrangelo, 2014), and egg parasitoid
(Carvalho et al., 2017; Zuim, Rodrigues, Pratissoli, & Torres, 2017).
Abstract: The present study was carried out to determine the searching ability of pupal parasitoid
, Dirhinus giffardii of Bactrocera zonata in the Bio Control Research Laboratory, Department of Entomology, SAU, Tandojam, at temperature 27 1C and 60 5% relative humidity.
The cumulative curve of emergences of this embryonic parasitoid
on a population of 58 eggs mass is represented by the figure 1.
perminutus is well recognized as a significant parasitoid
of pseudococddeos linked with the most diverse cultures, currently prevalent across the world in biological control programs.
The use of specific attractants might represent an option to increase the presence of the parasitoid
wasp in granary or could be coupled with biocontrol programmes to improve biocontrol services.
longicaudata under field conditions in southern Brazil, helped to motivate the present study aimed at evaluating the effect of releases of this parasitoid
into populations of fruit flies and native parasitoids
in loquat, peach, strawberry guava and persimmon trees in the city of Eldorado do Sul, RS, Brazil.