parasympathetic


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to parasympathetic: parasympathetic drugs

par·a·sym·pa·thet·ic

 (păr′ə-sĭm′pə-thĕt′ĭk)
adj.
Of, relating to, or affecting the parasympathetic nervous system: parasympathetic activity; parasympathetic agents.
n.
1. The parasympathetic nervous system.
2. Any of the nerves of this system.

par′a·sym′pa·thet′i·cal·ly adv.

parasympathetic

(ˌpærəˌsɪmpəˈθɛtɪk)
adj
1. (Anatomy) anatomy physiol of or relating to the division of the autonomic nervous system that acts in opposition to the sympathetic system by slowing the heartbeat, constricting the bronchi of the lungs, stimulating the smooth muscles of the digestive tract, etc. Compare sympathetic4
2. (Physiology) anatomy physiol of or relating to the division of the autonomic nervous system that acts in opposition to the sympathetic system by slowing the heartbeat, constricting the bronchi of the lungs, stimulating the smooth muscles of the digestive tract, etc. Compare sympathetic4

par•a•sym•pa•thet•ic

(ˌpær əˌsɪm pəˈθɛt ɪk)

adj.
pertaining to that part of the autonomic nervous system consisting of nerves and ganglia that arise from the cranial and sacral regions and generally function in regulatory opposition to the sympathetic system, as in slowing heartbeat or contracting the pupil of the eye.
[1900–05]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.parasympathetic - originates in the brain stem and lower part of the spinal cord; opposes physiological effects of the sympathetic nervous system: stimulates digestive secretions; slows the heart; constricts the pupils; dilates blood vessels
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
ANS, autonomic nervous system - the part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles and heart and glands
Adj.1.parasympathetic - of or relating to the parasympathetic nervous system
Translations

par·a·sym·pa·thet·ic

a. parasimpático, rel. a una de las dos ramas del sistema nervioso autónomo;
___ nervous systemsistema nervioso autónomo.

parasympathetic

adj parasimpático
References in periodicals archive ?
This alone is a stress response, but activities like yoga, meditation, and even stretching can slow and deepen your breathing in a way that activates the parasympathetic nervous system.
These stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system (the system that controls organ function and quietens the brain) and have effects on brain waves and hormones that influence the brain positively.
The therapy works by restoring balance between the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system.A
It contains two branches, the sympathetic and the parasympathetic, which work against each other to maintain a healthy balance of activity.
Instead of focusing solely on the autoimmunity, the chronic infection, or the other "diagnoses" the patient may have, the hypothesis that this case report aims to address is that improving or strengthening the parasympathetic nervous system through craniosacral therapy is a more effective root-cause holistic treatment approach to dysautonomia that results from underlying chronic stress.
The Sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) is a triangular shaped parasympathetic ganglion which is located in the pterygopalatine fossa about 5 mm in size, anterior to the pterygoid canal and posterior to the middle turbinate8.
In contrast, the contribution of the parasympathetic nervous branch to the cochlear innervation is relatively unknown though there is some evidence suggested by few studies about the possible parasympathetic innervation of the inner ear.
Sympathetic tone is counteracted by the parasympathetic, "rest and digest" nervous system.
The parasympathetic innervation plays an important role during salivary gland development and regeneration as it keeps progenitor cell population in an undifferentiated state so that these cells can be used when required during organogenesis.21 The parasympathetic nerves develop side by side along with the developing parenchyma of the salivary glands.
The trend-line associated with data points of a myocardial response to incremental increases during exercise can be explained by general assessments of two neural responses referred to as parasympathetic and sympathetic activity.
MacKenzie, who is the co-author of three sports-related books including Unbreakable Runner, teaches his clients how to use nasal breathing to optimise their athletic performance and be more"metabolically efficient." Breathing through the nose activates the parasympathetic nervous system, which helps people remain calm and alert, improves their peripheral vision and encourages them to maintain better posture and mechanics, which results in fewer injuries, Mackenzie said.