Related to parasynthesis: abdominal paracentesis


n. pl. par·a·syn·the·ses (-sēz′)
The formation of words by a combination of compounding and adding an affix, as in downhearted, formed from down plus heart plus -ed, not down plus hearted.

par′a·syn·thet′ic (-thĕt′ĭk) adj.


n, pl -ses (-siːz)
(Linguistics) formation of words by means of compounding a phrase and adding an affix, as for example light-headed, which is light + head with the affix -ed
parasynthetic adj


(ˌpær əˈsɪn θə sɪs)

the formation of a word by adding a derivational suffix to a phrase or compound, as in greathearted, from great heart + -ed.
par`a•syn•thet′ic (-ˈθɛt ɪk) adj.


1. word formation by the addition of both a prefix and a suffix to a stem or word, as international.
2. word formation by the addition of a suffix to a phrase or compound word, as nickel-and-diming. — parasynthetic, adj.
See also: Language
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References in periodicals archive ?
This word-formation process, also labeled as parasynthesis, occurs in 28 languages (38.
Specific topics include word formation research from its beginnings to the 19th century, the study of word formation in linguistic specialties and schools such as structuralism and cognitive grammar, the delimitation of derivation and inflection, particle-verb formation, particle verbs in Hungarian, parasynthesis in Romance, and multi-word expressions and univerbation in Slavic.
In this case, the result of the sequential parasynthesis for exploring the tumoral and infectious cause was negative, and after discontinuation of sirolimus therapy, lymphedema was reversed completely.
In principle, there ate two possibilities, either internal creation via parasynthesis or integration motivated by French.
In the specific area of Old English word-formation, Martin Arista (forthcoming b) has demonstrated that the derivation is gradual except in some instances of parasynthesis that basically comprise frequent affixes such as ge- and un- and, above all, adjectival derivatives.
Forth, d] Parasynthesis in Old English word-formation.
Derivation by means of the suffix -a is gradual, except in gefcdera 'male sponsor' (faeder 'father') and (ge)truma 'legion' (trum 'firm'), which constitute instances of parasynthesis.
Derivation by means of the suffix -o is gradual, since no instances of parasynthesis have been identified.
Exceptions to this tendency include gebaecu 'back parts' (baec 1 'back'), gebro: dru 'brethen' ([ge]bro: dor 'brother'), gedaeftu 'gentleness' (daefte 'gentle'), (ge)re: dru 'oars' (ro: der 1 'rower'), geswe:oru 'hills' (swe:or 1 'pillar') and gewx:pnu 'arms' (wae:pen 'weapon'), all of which count as instances of parasynthesis.