parasynthetic

Related to parasynthetic: parasympathetic nervous system

par·a·syn·the·sis

 (păr′ə-sĭn′thĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. par·a·syn·the·ses (-sēz′)
The formation of words by a combination of compounding and adding an affix, as in downhearted, formed from down plus heart plus -ed, not down plus hearted.

par′a·syn·thet′ic (-thĕt′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Melloni and Bisetto (2010) use the term parasynthetic compounds for the type able bodied and assume for the creation of such compounds an ordered sequence between compounding and affixation with the affix being attached to a non-existent compound formed by "the merger of two lexical stems" (2010: 199).
Accepting for the sake of argument the distinction between the two classes, we should interpret [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] [robovladelec, 'slave-own-er', slave owner] and [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] [vestonosec, 'news-bring-er', harbinger] as belonging to the synthetic and the parasynthetic class respectively and should expect detectable differences.
Consequently, the strongest argument for the emancipation of a parasynthetic class concerning the non-word status of the second/suffixed constituent loses its validity.
(3) See Martin Arista (forthcoming d) on the existence of parasynthetic formations with type-frequent Old English affixes, such as ge- and un-.
He treats the so-called parasynthetic words, which are defined by the fact that the suffix can only be added to the prefixed form, not to the stem alone.
Examples (1-3) have already demonstrated JS parasynthetic prefixation processes: enveluntar~ envoluntar in (1) shows the addition of the prefix en- to the stems; afermoziguar~ aformoziguar in (2) and afrentar~afrontar in (3) demonstrate the addition of the prefix a- to the stems.
It is also not quite clear why words like anti-bacterial are considered to be parasynthetic formations (p.