parasynthetic

Related to parasynthetic: parasympathetic nervous system

par·a·syn·the·sis

 (păr′ə-sĭn′thĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. par·a·syn·the·ses (-sēz′)
The formation of words by a combination of compounding and adding an affix, as in downhearted, formed from down plus heart plus -ed, not down plus hearted.

par′a·syn·thet′ic (-thĕt′ĭk) adj.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Melloni and Bisetto (2010) use the term parasynthetic compounds for the type able bodied and assume for the creation of such compounds an ordered sequence between compounding and affixation with the affix being attached to a non-existent compound formed by "the merger of two lexical stems" (2010: 199).
Accepting for the sake of argument the distinction between the two classes, we should interpret [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] [robovladelec, 'slave-own-er', slave owner] and [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] [vestonosec, 'news-bring-er', harbinger] as belonging to the synthetic and the parasynthetic class respectively and should expect detectable differences.
Consequently, the strongest argument for the emancipation of a parasynthetic class concerning the non-word status of the second/suffixed constituent loses its validity.
This paper analyses the parasynthetic formations, built-in Spanish lexicon of the eighteenth century, which present a morphological similarity with their French equivalents.
Previous treatments of BP data regarding verb derivation focused on diachronic approaches or in lexicalist approaches by word formation rules located in the mental lexicon (BASILIO, 1993), like these exemplified in (1) for a suffixal formation and (2) for the so called parasynthetic formation (simultaneous addition prefix and suffix):
4) Formed through parasynthetic derivation (prefix + noun + verbal suffix):
We also find heterogeneity regarding morphological structure since there are suffixal and parasynthetic formations in this class.
3) See Martin Arista (forthcoming d) on the existence of parasynthetic formations with type-frequent Old English affixes, such as ge- and un-.
This is its status even in cases of parasynthetic formations like reversatives (encage, delouse, etc), where the prefix is also part of the determinant, together with the base word, being the determinatum either a suffix or a conversion process on the base.
He treats the so-called parasynthetic words, which are defined by the fact that the suffix can only be added to the prefixed form, not to the stem alone.
Examples (1-3) have already demonstrated JS parasynthetic prefixation processes: enveluntar~ envoluntar in (1) shows the addition of the prefix en- to the stems; afermoziguar~ aformoziguar in (2) and afrentar~afrontar in (3) demonstrate the addition of the prefix a- to the stems.
It is also not quite clear why words like anti-bacterial are considered to be parasynthetic formations (p.