parathyroid gland


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parathyroid gland

n.
Any of usually four small kidney-shaped glands that lie in pairs near or within the posterior surface of the thyroid gland and secrete parathyroid hormone.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

parathyroid gland

n
(Anatomy) any one of the small egg-shaped endocrine glands situated near or embedded within the thyroid gland: they secrete parathyroid hormone
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

parathy′roid gland`


n.
any of several small paired glands in vertebrates, usu. lying near or embedded in the thyroid gland, that secrete parathyroid hormone.
[1900–05]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

par·a·thy·roid gland

(păr′ə-thī′roid)
Any of four kidney-shaped glands located behind or within the thyroid gland of many vertebrate animals. The parathyroid glands secrete a hormone (called parathyroid hormone) that regulates the amount of calcium in the blood.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

parathyroid gland

Any of four pea-sized endocrine glands on the thyroid gland. They produce parathyroid hormone.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.parathyroid gland - any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
gruczoł przytarczyczny
bisköldkörtel
References in periodicals archive ?
Depending on the extent of parathyroid gland damage, hypocalcaemia may be transient, resolving within a few months, or permanent, lasting for longer than 1 year, sometimes requiring lifelong oral calcium and vitamin D supplementation.
The observer noted whether the adenoma was present, and if present, the exact location of the lesion, as located in the right-upper, right-lower, left-upper, and left-lower pole of the parathyroid gland. Moreover, if more than one lesion was detected, the observer also noted that lesion.
Moreover, the amount of radiopharmaceutical absorption by the parathyroid tissue is positively correlated with the weight and size of the parathyroid gland and how the parathyroid gland is functional (13, 14).
The symptoms includes cramps, tingling sensation, paresthesia, tetanic contractions, seizures, muscle spasms, and prolong QT interval prolongation on electrocardiogram.7 The most common cause of postthyroidectomy is injury to parathyroid gland. This may be due to parathyroid devascularisation, obstruction of venous drainage or inadvertent excision.
People who've suffered an injury to a joint, have an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), overactive parathyroid gland (hyperparathyroidism), too much iron in their body, or low magnesium are at increased risk of pseudogout.
The most common tumors seen in MEN-1 involve the parathyroid gland, islet cells of the pancreas, and pituitary gland.
People who have injured a joint or undergone joint surgery are at greater risk for pseudogout, as are those with too much iron or too little magnesium in their blood, and people who have an underactive thyroid gland or an overactive parathyroid gland.
A parathyroid gland is considered to be enlarged if it measures greater than 5-7 mm long, 1-2 mm thick and 3-4 mm wide.
The parathyroid gland is the overall regulatory organ that maintains calcium homeostasis through their capacity to sense even minute changes in the level of blood calcium.
However, no any benign thyroid diseases for surgical indication or any parathyroid gland diseases were discussed in these meetings.
HPT is categorized into 4 types: primary HPT is caused by parathyroid adenomas (85%), hyperplasias (10%), and carcinomas (5%); secondary HPT occurs as a compensatory increase in parathormone levels due to hypocalcemia or vitamin D deficiency; tertiary HPT presents in patients with long-standing secondary HPT resulting in autonomous functioning of parathyroid gland; the fourth type is an ectopic variant seen in patients with other malignancies [5].
Speck et al., "Altered parathyroid gland function in severely immunocompromised patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus," The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol.