parathyroid

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par·a·thy·roid

 (păr′ə-thī′roid)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or obtained from the parathyroid glands: a parathyroid extract.
2. Adjacent to the thyroid gland.
n.
1. Any of the parathyroid glands.
2. A parathyroid hormone.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

parathyroid

(ˌpærəˈθaɪrɔɪd)
adj
1. (Anatomy) situated near the thyroid gland
2. (Anatomy) of or relating to the parathyroid glands
n
(Anatomy) short for parathyroid gland
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

par•a•thy•roid

(ˌpær əˈθaɪ rɔɪd)

adj.
1. situated near the thyroid gland.
n.
[1895–1900]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.parathyroid - any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

par·a·thy·roid

n. paratiroides, grupo de glándulas endocrinas pequeñas situadas junto a la tiroides;
___ hormonehormona ___, reguladora de calcio;
a. paratiroideo-a, localizado-a cerca de la tiroides.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

parathyroid

adj paratiroideo; n (fam) glándula paratiroidea, paratiroides f (fam)
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mediastinal hyperfunctioning parathyroids: incidence, evolving treatment, and outcome.
MIBI scintigraphy is considered the best test for its high sensitivity; however, its role in the localization of parathyroids before surgery is not shared and is of less impact compared to operator surgery experience, while it seems more useful in identifying the site of relapse of hyperparathyroidism [22, 40, 41].
This form can be associated with other causes of nonsurgical hypoparathyroidism, with etiology being divided into poor development of parathyroids, destruction of parathyroids, the control of peripheral resistance to PTH secretion, vitamin D deficiency, medication, hyperphosphatemia, pancreatitis, accelerated bone mineralization, and septicemia [2].
Between the numerous known selenoproteins at least one (p15) has been identified in both thyroid and parathyroids, with role in H2O2 degradation [20].
The Parathyroids: Basic and Clinical Concepts, 3rd Edition
The histological appearance of parathyroid glands from the control group did differ from the HIV group with 72 control patients (96%) showing normal histological appearance of the parathyroids as opposed 69 HIV-infected patients (67.6%) (Table 2).
In fact, it was not until 1891 that Eugene Gley, Professor of Physiology in Paris, described the parathyroids in the rabbit, showed that they were essential to life and gave due recognition to Sandstrom for his discovery.
As renal mass dwindles and phosphate excretion gets more difficult, synthesis of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is impaired, and concentrations of fibroblast growth factor-23 increase (2), leading to low serum calcium concentrations and an initially appropriate response of the parathyroids: parathyroid hormone (PTH) synthesis increases.
Parathyroids and cervical thymus in sudden unexpected death in infancy.
In the new study, doctors at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York identified 121 people with elevated blood-calcium concentrations, indicating hyperactive parathyroids. Of these, 61 had opted for surgery to remove their parathyroids while 60 had not.
The parathyroids are the endocrine glands earliest and most often affected by FMEN1.