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A device equipped with sharp teeth and towed alongside a ship to cut the mooring cables of submerged mines.

[From its having vanes to keep it at a constant depth.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) a torpedo-shaped device towed from the bow of a vessel so that the cables will cut the anchors of any moored mines
[C20: from para-2 + vane]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈpær əˌveɪn)

a device towed at the bow of a ship for cutting the moorings of underwater mines, allowing them to rise to the surface and be destroyed.
[1915–20; appar. para-2 + vane]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The American ships were sent to the Tyne to have the newly-invented British paravane anti-mine system fitted in the dry dock operated by the Smith's Dock Company of North Shields.
On which class of naval vessel would you find a paravane?
who finished eighth last year, appeared to stumble over "paravane," an underwater glider device, in the fifth round.
On 5 February, 1941, Curtin, meeting Menzies at the Advisory War Council, advised him in regard to strikes against the manufacturing of ships and of mine sweeping equipment, his advice being minuted as follows: (11) "If it can be brought vividly home to the members of the unions engaged in such activities that the lack of ships and of degaussing and paravane equipment was causing the loss of lives of fellow-unionists in the Seamen's Union, they would readily agree to forego their objections and make extreme efforts to remedy the situation to the best of their ability.
mukate so Jo asade picche rahisani sikh / turakam karani hai panth nali khaher jagaha jagaha paravane likh / tinain vicho jo rakhanage sikhi soi mukate/ rakhanage dharamu sikhi da kar anek jatan
Burney came up with the idea of the paravane, a device used by warships for the destruction of mines.