parentheses


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parentheses

Parentheses ( ( ) ) are used to separate information that is not necessary to the structure or meaning of the surrounding text.
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pa·ren·the·sis

 (pə-rĕn′thĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. par·en·the·ses (-sēz′)
1. Either or both of the upright curved lines, ( ), used to mark off explanatory or qualifying remarks in writing or printing or enclose a sum, product, or other expression considered or treated as a collective entity in a mathematical operation.
2.
a. A qualifying or amplifying word, phrase, or sentence inserted within written matter in such a way as to be independent of the surrounding grammatical structure.
b. A comment departing from the theme of discourse; a digression.
3. An interruption of continuity; an interval: "This is one of the things I wasn't prepared for—the amount of unfilled time, the long parentheses of nothing" (Margaret Atwood).

[Late Latin, insertion of a letter or syllable in a word, from Greek, from parentithenai, to insert : para-, beside; see para-1 + en-, in; see en in Indo-European roots + tithenai, to put; see dhē- in Indo-European roots.]
square brackets, parentheses, braces - Square brackets were formerly called crotchets, round brackets are commonly called parentheses, and curly brackets are called braces; the punctuation called brackets derives from the bookshelf type, implying that, in writing, these marks "lift up" a section of a sentence.
See also related terms for punctuation.

parentheses

A pair of punctuation marks, ( ), used to enclose explanatory or qualifying words. Compare brackets.
Translations
závorka
parenteser
sulkeet
zagrade
括弧
괄호
oklepaj
parentes
ในวงเล็บ
dấu ngoặc đơn

parentheses

أَقْواس závorka parenteser Klammern παρενθέσεις paréntesis sulkeet parenthèses zagrade parentesi 括弧 괄호 haakjes parentes nawiasy parênteses скобки parentes ในวงเล็บ köşeli parantez dấu ngoặc đơn 括号
References in classic literature ?
Somebody put a drop under a magnifying-glass and it was all semicolons and parentheses," said Mrs.
The first statement of each man--ever an ancient one in homeward- bound forecastles--was: "No boarding-house sharks in mine." Next, in parentheses, was regret at having spent so much money in Yokohama.
Let the reader imagine the effect in the midst of a theatrical piece, of the yelping of an usher, flinging in between two rhymes, and often in the middle of a line, parentheses like the following,--
I wish to add one remark, here--in parentheses, so to speak --suggested by the word "snowy," which I have just used.
The presence of other participants in this short poem makes this problem of identities even stronger: the reader/listener is present through an address to a "you" (created by the first pair of parentheses in a way described in category 3), as are magicians and "most people." Cureton maintains that Cummings fuses syntactical constructions for representing fusion as theme ("Iconic Syntax" 199-201).
For fixed p, the substring of parentheses composed of parentheses of type (p,) p is balanced if it contains the same number of open and closed parentheses and such that any prefix of the string contains a majority (or equality) of open parentheses.
First place winner of the Writer's Digest Press 2007 Annual International Self-Published Book Awards for poetry, "(Parentheses): Poems for the 21st Century" is a particularly impressive compilation of the poetry of Israeli documentary filmmaker Ricky Rapoport Friesem.
For example, abbreviations are often spelled out to help the reader understand what we mean, while parentheses may indicate that some information is relatively less important than that in the rest of the sentence.
Premium revenues and core operating profit figures are in billions of yen, with percentage changes from the previous year in parentheses. Solvency margin ratios are shown as percentage as of March 31, with year-before ratios in parentheses.
Parentheses are used in mathematics to indicate that certain computations should precede other computations, and also to shorten expressions by virtue of the "distributive law" that says A x (B + C) = (A x B) + (A x C).
Parentheses and dashes can interrupt the flow of thought and damage the purpose and focus necessary to clear communication.
To spell out the bonus words, unscramble the letters in parentheses.