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1. An untanned animal hide soaked in lye and water to remove the hair and then dried on a stretcher.
2. An article, such as a shield or bag, made of this hide.

[Canadian French parflèche : French parer, to parry, defend; see parry + French flèche, arrow; see flèche.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Tanning) a sheet of rawhide that has been dried after soaking in lye and water to remove the hair
2. (Tanning) an object, such as a case, made of this
[C19: from Canadian French, from French parer to ward off, protect + flèche arrow]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈpɑr flɛʃ, pɑrˈflɛʃ)

1. a rawhide that has been dried after having been soaked in a lye solution to remove the hair.
2. an article made of such rawhide.
[1820–30; < Canadian French parflèche= French pare (it) parries (see para-2) + flèche arrow (see flèche)]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Saturday for kids Parfleche bags and how to make them will be the free program this Saturday for kids at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum.
Inspired by the white caves of Cappadocia and the native American bison-hide carrying cases called parfleche, Esser presents a Noir Salon she has realized.
Two parfleche boxes, crafted from rawhide and painted in geometric designs, illustrate one of the ways Native Americans transported belongings, much like a suitcase we would use today.
Parfleche for Norval Morrisseau is done in shades of blue with an abstract representation of the Thunderbird seeming to hover in the sky over the water.
RAIL: Another one of your feather books resembles a Parfleche bag.
Other highlights are rare parfleche (rawhide) containers, from Evan Mauer's collection, and a basket by the famous weaver Dat-So-La-Lee, from Herbert Wellington's estate ($175,000-$225,000).
Nuts in the shell are best stored in porous containers, such as bags of paper, parfleche, leather, netting, or cloth.
Experience the "Wonderful World of Art" by "traveling" to Australia ("Aboriginal Adventure," page 22), the Plains between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains ("Exploring American-Indian Art: Making a Parfleche," page 28), the Canyon de Chelly in Texas ("Cave Kids: Pecos-River Style Art," page 32), West Africa ("Mini Metal Masks,' page 41), and your own family tree ("The Geography of Us," page 30).
This ochre was traded for parfleche and cornhusk bags full of salt, which made its way from the Salt Lake area of Utah.
3 For numerous North American Indian Nations on the Great Plains, the buffalo was the source of clothing, housing, eating utensils, sleds, parfleche as a carryall, musical instruments, cosmetics, jewelry, armor, masks, and dung for fuel (cf.
In "Our Place in the World" students are asked to practice using the following four questions as they seek information about their own work (a membership flag collage and a thumbnail sketch of that collage) and about an ice Age painting and Sioux parfleche: 1) What can I learn about how the reproduction (or thumbnail sketch) is different from the original artwork?