parietal cell


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parietal cell

n.
One of the large peripheral cells of the mucous membrane of the stomach that secrete hydrochloric acid.

parietal cell

n
(Physiology) any one of the cells in the lining of the stomach that produce hydrochloric acid
References in periodicals archive ?
"Acid is produced in a single cell in the stomach called the parietal cell, which pumps the acid into the stomach.
As PPIs are membrane-permeable weak bases that accumulate in acid spaces of the active parietal cell, they share the same pharmacodynamics.
In biopsies that contained oxyntic gastric mucosa, changes suggestive of PPI use, such as parietal cell hyperplasia and dilated fundic glands, were seen on microscopic examination.
Histamine H2 antagonist drugs block the H2 receptor on the parietal cell membrane.
pylori is not just one organism but is very diverse in form (17) and has several adaptive features for life in the stomach: the enzyme urease to protect itself from acid by creating a cloud of ammonia, a corkscrew-like morphology that allows it to burrow into mucus, and "virulence factors" that allow it to interact closely with the host stomach to downregulate parietal cell acid production and many other functions.
However, her histopathological evaluation of the small bowel showed villous atrophy, apoptotic bodies, and complete absence of goblet and Paneth cells; biopsies of the stomach showed an unusual pattern of injury with chronic inflammation, glandular abscesses, and parietal cell atrophy while in the colon, there was increased apoptosis and marked loss of goblet cells and Paneth cells.
Mardh, "Major parietal cell antigen in autoimmune gastritis with pernicious anemia is the acid-producing H+, K+-adenosine triphosphatase of the stomach," The Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol.
Parietal cell hyperplasia, glandular dilatation, and fundic gland polyps are a sequence of changes that are observed in patients on long-term PPI therapy.
B2-glycoprotein I antibodies, antinuclear antibodies, anti-gastric parietal cell antibodies, anti-Langerhans cell antibodies, anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies, anti-thyroglobulin antibodies, anti-GMI antibodies, and anti-cardiolipin antibodies were measured in patients with increased levels of GADA.
These cells divide periclinally to form a primary parietal cell to the outside and a primary sporogenous cell to the inside (Fig.
L-thyroxine requirement in patients with autoimmune hypothyroidism and parietal cell antibodies.
Complete blood count differential count folic acid vitamin B12 intrinsic factor gastric parietal cell antibodies and holotranscobalamin II were assessed.