parotid gland


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Related to parotid gland: submandibular gland

parotid gland

n.
Either of the pair of salivary glands situated below and in front of each ear.

[New Latin parōtis, parōtid-, from Latin, tumor near the ear, from Greek : para-, beside; see para-1 + ous, ōt-, ear; see ous- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

parotid gland

n
(Anatomy) a large salivary gland, in man situated in front of and below each ear
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.parotid gland - a large salivary gland that produces 50% of daytime salivaparotid gland - a large salivary gland that produces 50% of daytime saliva; in human beings it is located in front of and below each ear
salivary gland - any of three pairs of glands in the mouth and digestive system that secrete saliva for digestion
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
paausinė liauka
glândula parótidaparótida
References in periodicals archive ?
(2), this technique is well known for differentiation of WTs from other tumors of the parotid gland, including PAs and malignant tumors.
The human parotid gland (PG) is developed from an ectodermal proliferation of the stomodeum during the sixth week of prenatal development (Moore & Persaud, 2002).
[10] The commonest site for pleomorphic adenoma is the parotid gland followed by the minor salivary glands.
Metastasis to the head and neck region, such as tonsil and parotid gland, is uncommon.
NSLA most commonly arises within the parotid gland (39 cases, 83%), with rare reports of origination in the minor salivary glands of the lips or submandibular glands.
Contrast-enhanced CT demonstrated the presence of a well-circumscribed, lobulated enhancing mass within the superficial right parotid gland. The mass is relatively homogeneous with some cystic components (Figure 1).
Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the neck demonstrated a 3.3 x 2.8 x 3.2 cm peripherally enhancing cystic and solid mass in the right superficial lobe of the parotid gland [Figure 1].
We present a case of a 35 years old male with recurrent Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans of right parotid gland.
To the Editor: The 'Parotid Gland', out of all the salivary glands, is the one most frequently affected by neoplasms, accounting for approximately 75% in all cases.[1] These neoplasms are generally benign, with only 25% of them being malignant forms.[1] The percentage of distant metastases from salivary gland is relatively low, with their occurrence being associated with high-grade tumors.
Pleomorphic adenomas are the commonest benign parotid tumours causing unilateral enlargement of the parotid gland. Various causes of parotid enlargement in seropositive (HIV) patients are diffuse infiltrative lymphocytosis syndrome, parotitis, intraparotid lymphadenopathy; benign lymphoepithelial cyst (BLEC), adenoid cystic carcinoma, Kaposi sarcoma, and lymphoma.
Salivary gland carcinoma is rare entity, accounting for up to 6% of head and neck cancers, with the parotid gland being the most frequent site among the major salivary glands [1, 2].
Patients with parotid gland swelling should be assessed in terms of malignancies, infections, amyloidosis, sarcoidosis, and SjS.