paroxysm

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par·ox·ysm

 (păr′ək-sĭz′əm)
n.
1. A sudden outburst of emotion or action: a paroxysm of laughter.
2.
a. A sudden attack, recurrence, or intensification of a disease.
b. A spasm or fit; a convulsion.

[Middle English paroxism, periodic attack of a disease, from Medieval Latin paroxysmus, from Greek paroxusmos, from paroxūnein, to stimulate, irritate : para-, intensive pref.; see para-1 + oxūnein, to goad, sharpen (from oxus, sharp; see ak- in Indo-European roots).]

par′ox·ys′mal (-ək-sĭz′məl) adj.
par′ox·ys′mal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

paroxysm

(ˈpærəkˌsɪzəm)
n
1. an uncontrollable outburst: a paroxysm of giggling.
2. (Pathology) pathol
a. a sudden attack or recurrence of a disease
b. any fit or convulsion
[C17: via French from Medieval Latin paroxysmus annoyance, from Greek paroxusmos, from paroxunein to goad, from para-1 (intensifier) + oxunein to sharpen, from oxus sharp]
ˌparoxˈysmal, ˌparoxˈysmic adj
ˌparoxˈysmally adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

par•ox•ysm

(ˈpær əkˌsɪz əm)

n.
1. any sudden, violent outburst, as of action or emotion: paroxysms of rage.
2. a severe attack or a sudden increase in intensity of a disease, usu. recurring periodically.
[1570–80; earlier paroxismos < Greek paroxysmós irritation, derivative of paroxýnein to irritate]
par`ox•ys′mal, adj.
par`ox•ys′mal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.paroxysm - a sudden uncontrollable attack; "a paroxysm of giggling"; "a fit of coughing"; "convulsions of laughter"
attack - a sudden occurrence of an uncontrollable condition; "an attack of diarrhea"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

paroxysm

noun outburst, attack, fit, seizure, flare-up (informal), eruption, spasm, convulsion She was overcome by a paroxysm of grief.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

paroxysm

noun
1. A condition of anguished struggle and disorder:
convulsion, throe (used in plural).
2. A violent, excruciating seizure of pain:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
نَوبَةٌ فُجائِيَّه
návalvýbuchzáchvat
anfald
ParoxysmusAnfall
kohtaus
paroksizam
kast
lēkme
şiddetli duygu boşalımı

paroxysm

[ˈpærəksɪzəm] Nparoxismo m
she broke into a paroxysm of coughingle dio un ataque muy fuerte de tos
it sent him into paroxysms of mirth/ragele hizo troncharse de risa/le produjo un ataque de ira
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

paroxysm

[ˈpærəksɪzəm] n
(MEDICINE)paroxysme m
(= spasm) [coughing] → quinte f
He broke into a paroxysm of coughing → Il fut pris d'une quinte de toux.
to send sb into paroxysms of laughter → faire hurler qn de rire
(= fit) [grief, anger] → accès m
in a paroxysm of rage → dans un accès de rage
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

paroxysm

nAnfall m; paroxysm of griefVerzweiflungsanfall m; to be seized by a paroxysm of rageeinen Wutanfall bekommen; paroxysms of laughterein Lachkrampf m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

paroxysm

[ˈpærəkˌsɪzm] n (Med) → parossismo; (of laughter, coughing) → convulso; (of grief, anger) → attacco
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

paroxysm

(ˈpӕrəksizəm) noun
a sudden sharp attack (of pain, rage, laughter etc). a paroxysm of coughing/fury.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

par·ox·ysm

n. paroxismo, ataque;
espasmo o convulsión;
síntomas que se repiten y se intensifican.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

paroxysm

n paroxismo
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Of course, the wretched sufferer's temper was not improved by this calamity - in fact, I suspect it was well nigh insupportable, though his kind nurse did not complain; but she said she had been obliged at last to give her son in charge to Esther Hargrave, as her presence was so constantly required in the sick-room that she could not possibly attend to him herself; and though the child had begged to be allowed to continue with her there, and to help her to nurse his papa, and though she had no doubt he would have been very good and quiet, she could not think of subjecting his young and tender feelings to the sight of so much suffering, or of allowing him to witness his father's impatience, or hear the dreadful language he was wont to use in his paroxysms of pain or irritation.
But these paroxysms seldom occurred, and in them my big-hearted shipmate vented the bile which more calm-tempered individuals get rid of by a continual pettishness at trivial annoyances.
Then there was a change of scene; for no sooner had he caught sight of Raoul's face, than the old man sprang up and set off in the direction of the house, amidst interrupted growlings, which appeared to be paroxysms of wild delight.
There may be a clue after all, if we can find why today his paroxysms came on at high noon and at sunset.
As a general rule, old General Ivolgin's paroxysms ended in smoke.
Her paroxysms of exhilaration, followed by a gnawing sense of failure and uselessness, were known to her mother only as "wildness" and "low spirits," to be combated by needlework as a sedative, or beef tea as a stimulant.
In Smolensk, at the Malakhov Gate, he had hardly dozed off in a paroxysm of fever before he was awakened by the bombardment of the town- and Smolensk held out all day long.
'May she wake in torment!' he cried, with frightful vehemence, stamping his foot, and groaning in a sudden paroxysm of ungovernable passion.
And as to those mortal feuds which, in certain conjunctures, spread a conflagration through a whole nation, or through a very large proportion of it, proceeding either from weighty causes of discontent given by the government or from the contagion of some violent popular paroxysm, they do not fall within any ordinary rules of calculation.
A knowledge of its faded and jaded condition made the charge ap- pear like a paroxysm, a display of the strength that comes before a final feebleness.
By this time, he is exasperated to such frenzy, that they are sometimes obliged to throw cold water on him, to moderate his fury; and dangerous would it be, for horse and rider, were he, while in this paroxysm, to break his bonds.
Even in the paroxysm of his grief he would not have dared to profane the dead, or for the first time disturb the slumber of his master.