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The question asked whether a parthenote, which only contained pluripotent and not totipotent cells and was therefore incapable of developing into a human being, was included in the term "human embryo" under Article 6(2)(c) of the Directive.
Taken together our results imply that the frozen storage of PZM3 is feasible and of practical value for culturing parthenote and cloned porcine embryos.
As the recipient of a grant from the National Institutes of Health, the lab must abide by the Dickey-Wicker Amendment, which bans federal funding for research involving human embryos and parthenotes. A parthenote is an egg that begins dividing as though it were fertilized even though fertilization has not occurred.
virgo resulted from a hybridization process between two bisexual species (White 1978) and the diploid parthenogenetic (parthenote) probably arose as a hybrid between two bisexual forms, closely linked to the modern taxa known as P169 and P196 (Hewitt 1975 a).
Parthenogenesis (Technique C) would be viewed as an affront to human dignity because: (1) of the need to procure oocytes from a healthy female (generally for a price); (2) of the belief that the whole process is "inhuman" due to its asexual nature; and (3) further manipulation of the parthenote might produce an implantable embryo that could become a human being.
In 2005, the Legislature amended the law to read: "For the purposes of this section, 'fetus' shall include a neonate and an embryo, but shall exclude a preimplantation embryo or parthenote as defined....
Yet the resulting blastocyst, called a parthenote, can be a source of embryonic stem cells.
The pseudo-embryo created by parthenogenesis, called a parthenote, has no chance of being carried to term by humans (85) because men and women put different imprints on genes by using both the egg's and sperm's sets of chromosomes.
Ascorbic acid is a powerful antioxidant that enhances the development of porcine parthenote and SCNT embryos in vitro via reduced reactive oxygen species levels in the cytoplasm [13].
In addition, in the A-G's Opinion, Article 5(1) of the Directive did not apply because a parthenote was neither a human body at a stage of its formation and development, nor one of its elements.
In general, if activated oocytes are allowed to extrude a second polar body, an aneuploid, specifically haploid, parthenote is induced.