participle


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Related to participle: present participle

participle

Participles are words formed from verbs that can function as adjectives or gerunds or can be used to form the continuous tenses and the perfect tenses of verbs. There are two participle forms: the present participle and the past participle.
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par·ti·ci·ple

 (pär′tĭ-sĭp′əl)
n.
A form of a verb that in some languages, such as English, can function independently as an adjective, as the past participle baked in We had some baked beans, and is used with an auxiliary verb to indicate tense, aspect, or voice, as the past participle baked in the passive sentence The beans were baked too long.

[Middle English, from Old French, variant of participe, from Latin participium (translation of Greek metokhē, sharing, partaking, participle), from particeps, particip-, partaker; see participate.]
Usage Note: Participial phrases such as walking down the street or having finished her homework are commonly used in English to modify nouns or pronouns, but care must be taken in incorporating such phrases into sentences. Readers will ordinarily associate a participle with the noun, noun phrase, or pronoun adjacent to it, and misplacement may produce comic effects as in He watched his horse take a turn around the track carrying a racing sheet under his arm. A correctly placed participial phrase leaves no doubt about what is being modified: Sitting at her desk, Jane read the letter carefully. · Another pitfall in using participial phrases is illustrated in the following sentence: Turning the corner, the view was quite different. Grammarians would say that such a sentence contains a "dangling participle" because there is no noun or pronoun in the sentence that the participial phrase can logically modify. Moving the phrase will not solve the problem (as it would in the sentence about the horse with a racing sheet). To avoid distracting the reader, it would be better to recast the sentence as When we turned the corner, the view was quite different or Turning the corner, we had a different view. · A number of expressions originally derived from participles have become prepositions, and these may be used to introduce phrases that are not associated with the immediately adjacent noun phrase. Such expressions include concerning, considering, failing, granting, judging by, and speaking of. Thus one may write without fear of criticism Speaking of politics, the elections have been postponed or Considering the hour, it is surprising that he arrived at all. See Note at very.

participle

(ˈpɑːtɪsɪpəl; pɑːˈtɪsɪpəl)
n
(Grammar) a nonfinite form of verbs, in English and other languages, used adjectivally and in the formation of certain compound tenses. See also present participle, past participle
[C14: via Old French from Latin participium, from particeps partaker, from pars part + capere to take]
participial adj, n
ˌpartiˈcipially adv

par•ti•ci•ple

(ˈpɑr təˌsɪp əl, -sə pəl)

n.
a nonfinite verbal form that can function as an adjective or be used with certain auxiliaries to make compound verb forms, as burning in a burning candle or devoted in your devoted friend. Abbr.: part. Compare past participle, present participle.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French, variant of participe < Latin participium, derivative (with -ium -ium1) of particeps taking part =parti- (s. of pars) part + -cep- (comb. form of capere to take) + -s nominative singular ending]
usage: See dangling participle, misplaced modifier.

participle

A form of a verb that can also function as an adjective, such as “cooked” or “pressing.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.participle - a non-finite form of the verb; in English it is used adjectivally and to form compound tenses
verb - the word class that serves as the predicate of a sentence
present participle - a participle expressing present action; in English is formed by adding -ing
past participle, perfect participle - a participle that expresses completed action
Translations
příčestí
partisiippi
particip
melléknévi igenév
lýsingarháttur
分詞
partisipp
deležnik
particip

participle

[ˈpɑːtɪsɪpl] Nparticipio m
past participleparticipio m pasado or pasivo
present participleparticipio m activo or (de) presente

participle

[ˈpɑːrtɪsɪpəl] nparticipe m

participle

nPartizip nt ? present, past

participle

[pɑːˈtɪsɪpl] nparticipio
past/present participle → participio passato/presente

participle

(ˈpaːˈtisipl) noun
word formed from a verb, used either to form compound tenses or as an adjective or noun. ('going' and 'gone' are the present and past participle of 'go'.)
References in classic literature ?
The first project was, to shorten discourse, by cutting polysyllables into one, and leaving out verbs and participles, because, in reality, all things imaginable are but norms.
Occasionally, merely for the pleasure of being cruel, we put unoffending Frenchmen on the rack with questions framed in the incomprehensible jargon of their native language, and while they writhed we impaled them, we peppered them, we scarified them, with their own vile verbs and participles.
Out of this, the facetious habit had arisen in the neighbourhood surrounding Mincing Lane of making christian names for him of adjectives and participles beginning with R.
com)-- Tagillion is extending an exclusive invitation to early adopters, avid mobile users, brands and advertisers to participle in its early access program.
My intention here is to take a preliminary look at structures in Old English (henceforth OE) in which a present or "first" participle appears with an accusative NP in the complement of a verb of direct perception, such as (ge)seon or (ge)hieran, as in the following example:
In view of the facts mentioned above, it is reasonable to view the geminate on the boundary of the stem and historical formative as part of the stem in the infinitive, gerund and impersonal present forms of l-, n-, r-, s- and h-stem verbs, and in the singular (as a parallel form) and plural forms of the past participle of l-, n-, r- and s-stem verbs.
There is not one Brit, American, Aussie or Kiwi who know how to parse a sentence or underscore a past participle or engage in clause analysis.
In addition to IPPR, other UK partners include Catch22, Participle, Social Mobility Foundation, The Sutton Trust and TimeWise Foundation.
The topics include the qal passive participle of geminate verbs in Biblical Hebrew, "Hear, O Israel" in Greek translation on an ancient amulet, grammatical and lexicographic notes on a Qumran fragment, the different traditions of Mishnaic Hebrew, and the language of the Beit 'Amar papyrus.
Hastagata is a Sanskrit compound comprised of the term hasta 'hand' and the past participle -gata.
Once peace agreements are signed, the NCP says the former rebels and opposition parties can participle the general election of 2015.
Army and transitioning service members who have chosen to participle in SBA's Operation Boots to Business(B2B) Program, an initiative to train veterans and transitioning service members in business entrepreneurship.

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