particle


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par·ti·cle

 (pär′tĭ-kəl)
n.
1. A very small piece or part; a tiny portion or speck.
2. A very small or the smallest possible amount, trace, or degree: not a particle of doubt.
3. Physics
a. A body whose spatial extent and internal motion and structure, if any, are irrelevant in a specific problem.
b. An elementary particle.
c. A subatomic particle.
4. Linguistics
a. An uninflected item that has grammatical function but does not clearly belong to one of the major parts of speech, such as up in He looked up the word or to in English infinitives.
b. In some systems of grammatical analysis, any of various short function words, including articles, prepositions, and conjunctions.
5. Ecclesiastical A portion or fragment of the Eucharistic host.
6. Archaic A small part of something written, such as a clause of a document.

[Middle English, from Latin particula, diminutive of pars, part-, part; see part.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

particle

(ˈpɑːtɪkəl)
n
1. an extremely small piece of matter; speck
2. a very tiny amount; iota: it doesn't make a particle of difference.
3. (Grammar) a function word, esp (in certain languages) a word belonging to an uninflected class having suprasegmental or grammatical function: the Greek particles "mēn'" and "de" are used to express contrast; questions in Japanese are indicated by the particle "ka"; English "up" is sometimes regarded as an adverbial particle.
4. (Linguistics) a common affix, such as re-, un-, or -ness
5. (General Physics) physics a body with finite mass that can be treated as having negligible size, and internal structure
6. (General Physics) See elementary particle
7. (Roman Catholic Church) RC Church a small piece broken off from the Host at Mass
8. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) archaic a section or clause of a document
[C14: from Latin particula a small part, from pars part]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

par•ti•cle

(ˈpɑr tɪ kəl)

n.
1. a minute portion, piece, or amount; a very small bit: a particle of dust.
2. one of the extremely small constituents of matter, as an atom, proton, quark, or gluon.
3. a clause or article, as of a document.
4. Gram. any of various small, usu. uninflected words or affixes having functional or relational rather than lexical use and in some languages constituting a form class: in English often applied to words like to used in forming the infinitive or the word following the verb in a phrasal verb, as up in get up.
5. a small piece of the Host given to each lay communicant in a Eucharistic service.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin particula]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

par·ti·cle

(pär′tĭ-kəl)
1. A very small piece of solid matter; a speck: particles of dust.
2. An elementary or subatomic particle.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

particle

A short uninflected word used in conjunction with another word, such as “up” in “turn up.”
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.particle - (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anythingparticle - (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
grain - a relatively small granular particle of a substance; "a grain of sand"; "a grain of sugar"
grinding - material resulting from the process of grinding; "vegetable grindings clogged the drain"
material, stuff - the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object; "coal is a hard black material"; "wheat is the stuff they use to make bread"
chylomicron - a microscopic particle of triglycerides produced in the intestines during digestion; in the bloodstream they release their fatty acids into the blood
flyspeck - a tiny dark speck made by the excrement of a fly
identification particle - a tiny particle of material that can be added to a product to indicate the source of manufacture
2.particle - a body having finite mass and internal structure but negligible dimensions
virion - (virology) a complete viral particle; nucleic acid and capsid (and a lipid envelope in some viruses)
alpha particle - a positively charged particle that is the nucleus of the helium atom; emitted from natural or radioactive isotopes
beta particle - a high-speed electron or positron emitted in the decay of a radioactive isotope
body - an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; "heavenly body"
boson - any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics but not the Pauli exclusion principle; all nuclei with an even mass number are bosons
deuteron - the nucleus of deuterium; consists of one proton and one neutron; used as a bombarding particle in accelerators
elementary particle, fundamental particle - (physics) a particle that is less complex than an atom; regarded as constituents of all matter
fermion - any particle that obeys Fermi-Dirac statistics and is subject to the Pauli exclusion principle
ion - a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons
magnetic monopole - a hypothetical particle with a single magnetic pole instead of the usual two
micelle - an electrically charged particle built up from polymeric molecules or ions and occurring in certain colloidal electrolytic solutions like soaps and detergents
prion - (microbiology) an infectious protein particle similar to a virus but lacking nucleic acid; thought to be the agent responsible for scrapie and other degenerative diseases of the nervous system
virino - (microbiology) a hypothetical infectious particle thought to be the cause of scrapie and other degenerative diseases of the central nervous system; consists of nucleic acid in a protective coat of host cell proteins
scintilla - a sparkling glittering particle
superstring - a hypothetical particle that is the elementary particle in a theory of space-time
thermion - an electrically charged particle (electron or ion) emitted by a substance at a high temperature
3.particle - a function word that can be used in English to form phrasal verbs
closed-class word, function word - a word that is uninflected and serves a grammatical function but has little identifiable meaning
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

particle

noun bit, piece, scrap, grain, molecule, atom, shred, crumb, mite, jot, speck, mote, whit, tittle, iota Particles of food can get stuck between the teeth.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

particle

noun
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
جُسَيْم
částečkačásticesmítko
partikel
hiukkanenpartikkeli
čestica
elemi részecskepartikularészecskeviszonyszó
ögnsmáorð
dalelytėkrislas
daļiņakripatiņa
cząstkapartykuła
čiastočka
parçacıkzerre

particle

[ˈpɑːtɪkl]
A. N
1. (gen) → partícula f; [of dust] → partícula f, grano m (fig) → pizca f
there's not a particle of truth in iteso no tiene ni pizca de verdad
2. (Phys, Gram) → partícula f
B. CPD particle accelerator Nacelerador m de partículas
particle board N (US) → madera f aglomerada
particle physics Nfísica f de partículas
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

particle

[ˈpɑːrtɪkəl] n
(PHYSICS)particule f
(= small amount) → particule f
dust particles, particles of dust → des particules de poussières
food particles, particles of food → des particules de nourriture
a particle of truth → une parcelle de vérité
(LINGUISTICS)particule fparticle accelerator naccélérateur m de particulesparticle physics nphysique f des particules
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

particle

n
(of sand etc)Teilchen nt, → Körnchen nt; (Phys) → Teilchen nt; (fig)Körnchen nt; particle of dust, dust particleStäubchen nt, → Staubkörnchen nt, → Staubpartikel nt (spec); food particlesNahrungspartikel pl; there’s not a particle of truth in itdarin steckt kein Körnchen Wahrheit
(Gram) → Partikel f

particle

:
particle accelerator
particle board
n (US) → Spanplatte f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

particle

[ˈpɑːtɪkl] n (Gram, Phys) → particella; (of dust) → granello; (of food) → pezzettino (fig) (of truth, sense) → briciolo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

particle

(ˈpaːtikl) noun
a very small piece. a particle of dust.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

par·ti·cle

n. partícula, porción ínfima de una materia.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

particle

n partícula
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
What a true saying it is that 'appetite furnishes the best sauce.' There was a flavour and a relish to this small particle of food that under other circumstances it would have been impossible for the most delicate viands to have imparted.
A physical law does not say "A will be followed by B," but tells us what acceleration a particle will have under given circumstances, i.e.
They had anchored by night so as not to neglect a particle of the shore line, and it had happened that the preceding night had brought them off the very beach where lay the little camp they sought.
The last least particle of what they consumed was transformed into energy.
If they love one another it doesn't matter a particle how old they are nor how poor.
At his first arrival he made no scruple of acquainting her with the unfortunate accident; which he made appear very unfortunate indeed, for he totally extracted every particle of what could be called fault, at least in a court of honour, though he left some circumstances which might be questionable in a court of law.
The next day sat Zarathustra again on the stone in front of his cave, whilst his animals roved about in the world outside to bring home new food,--also new honey: for Zarathustra had spent and wasted the old honey to the very last particle. When he thus sat, however, with a stick in his hand, tracing the shadow of his figure on the earth, and reflecting-- verily!
Just as the particle of water in frost, definitely and unalterably, takes the special form of the crystal of snow, so each new person that arrived at the springs was at once placed in his special place.
They will be also careful to use their power with moderation, as there are others to whom full power is delegated to censure their conduct; for it is very serviceable to the state to have them dependent upon others, and not to be permitted to do whatsoever they choose; for with such a liberty there would be no check to that evil particle there is in every one: therefore it is [1319a] necessary and most for the benefit of the state that the offices thereof should be filled by the principal persons in it, whose characters are unblemished, and that the people are not oppressed.
He assured me "that this invention had employed all his thoughts from his youth; that he had emptied the whole vocabulary into his frame, and made the strictest computation of the general proportion there is in books between the numbers of particles, nouns, and verbs, and other parts of speech."
The only motion in the air was that of the dripping, microscopic particles of drizzling mist.
These artists will take particles of stone or glass no larger than a mustard seed, and piece them together on a sleeve button or a shirt stud, so smoothly and with such nice adjustment of the delicate shades of color the pieces bear, as to form a pigmy rose with stem, thorn, leaves, petals complete, and all as softly and as truthfully tinted as though Nature had builded it herself.

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