particle accelerator


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

particle accelerator

n.
A device, such as a cyclotron or linear accelerator, that accelerates charged subatomic particles or nuclei to high energies for the purpose of colliding them with other particles or targets. Also called atom smasher.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

particle accelerator

n
(General Physics) a machine for accelerating charged elementary particles to very high energies, used for research in nuclear physics. See also linear accelerator, cyclotron, betatron, synchrotron, synchrocyclotron
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

par′ticle accel`erator


n.
an electrostatic or electromagnetic device, as a cyclotron, that produces high-energy particles and focuses them on a target. Also called accelerator.
[1945–50]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

particle accelerator

Any of several machines, such as the cyclotron and linear accelerator, that increase the speed and energy of protons, electrons, or other atomic particles and direct them at the nuclei of atoms, causing the nuclei to release new particles. Particle accelerators are used to study the atomic nucleus, to create radioactive isotopes, and to release elementary particles such as quarks. See Note at subatomic particle.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.particle accelerator - a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particlesparticle accelerator - a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particles
betatron, induction accelerator - accelerates a continuous beam of electrons to high speeds by means of the electric field produced by changing magnetic flux
charge-exchange accelerator - an accelerator in which high-energy ions escape from plasma following charge exchange
Cockcroft and Walton accelerator, Cockcroft and Walton voltage multiplier, Cockcroft-Walton accelerator, Cockcroft-Walton voltage multiplier - a high-voltage machine in which rectifiers charge capacitors that discharge and drive charged particles through an accelerating tube
collider - an accelerator in which two beams of particles are forced to collide head on
cyclotron - an accelerator that imparts energies of several million electron-volts to rapidly moving particles
linac, linear accelerator - ions are accelerated along a linear path by voltage differences on electrodes along the path
scientific instrument - an instrument used by scientists
storage ring - container consisting of a set of magnets set in a doughnut-shaped ring around which charged particles from an accelerator can be kept circulating until they are used
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The vast white building is home to a synchrotron, a particle accelerator that acts as a powerful microscope by generating intense beams of light There are about 60 synchrotrons in the world but this will be the first in the Middle East.
Not only does that particle accelerator put us very firmly in the present day, in the first few minutes alone there's talk of twerking and cro-nuts and Lady Gaga is on the soundtrack.
The core finite element analysis technology behind Opera was developed originally to support the design of particle accelerator magnets, starting with a project in the 1970s by scientists at the UK's Rutherford Appleton Laboratory.
Yang, "Can the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole or Schwarzschild black hole be the stable Planck-scale particle accelerator?" Physical Review D, vol.
These operations form the basis for the construction of FAIR, an international particle accelerator. A total of 1,400 foundation piles measuring between 40 and 62 metres long have been set in the ground since March and the first series production unit of the LB 44-510 was delivered in August.
The "next generation" particle accelerator, expected to be up and running by 2025, will cost around PS8bn and, like the LHC, will be an international collaboration.
Szil?rd, Donald Kerst and Ernest Lawrence are considered as pioneers of this field, conceiving and building the first operational linear particle accelerator, the betatron, and the cyclotron.
The findings of the study were reported by LHC particle accelerator scientists at the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, CERN, near Geneva.
The pounds 4 billion particle accelerator, which weighs more than 38,000 tonnes and straddles the Swiss-French border, fills a 27-kilometre circular tunnel sunk 100 metres into the ground.
Particle Accelerator V, a benefit concert dedicated to suicide prevention and awareness, will begin at 11:45 a.m.
Country's first Institute for Accelerator Technologies and Particle Accelerator Laboratories were opened with a ceremony on Monday.