The first high-energy beam was achieved using ALICE's photoinjector, which fired a beam of electrons into a superconducting linear accelerator, creating a particle beam
with a total energy of nearly four and a half million electron volts.
The laser's light is beamed for a few billionths of a second along the straight-line path the particle beam
is to follow.
The study proposes that focusing high-energy particle beams
on a small spot deep inside the body could potentially enable clinicians to target cancerous tumours precisely, while reducing the dose to surrounding tissue.
Nikola Tesla contributed much to science, and his story -- especially the mysterious promise of the particle beam
or "death ray" that he worked on near his end -- is compelling.
The radioactive material emitted a particle beam
which would trigger the alarm when the beam is broken.
The funding proposal also includes money for a neutral particle beam
effort which will "design, develop and conduct a feasibility demonstration for a space-based directed energy intercept layer," the documents said.
The economic impact of nuclear physics applications is considerable -- the use of particle beam
accelerators to process and test a wide range of products alone brings in more than RO 500 million.
The principal roadblock in such development is that at such high frequencies higher-order modes (parasitic, high-frequency oscillations of the accelerator structure) become excited by the very particle beam
that propagates through the accelerating structure.
Hitachi has been focusing on the healthcare field as one of the Social Innovation Business, and has extensive expertise in healthcare total solutions which include medical diagnostic and clinical devices such as CT, MRI, particle beam
therapy systems, and also informatics including medical service and platform.
Hitachi America, a subsidiary of Hitachi Ltd (TSE:6501), together with its subsidiaries, offers a broad range of electronics, power and industrial equipment and services, particle beam
therapy technologies, automotive products and consumer electronics with operations throughout the Americas.