Given the dense population of non-Jews in what Zangwill calls the "Pashalik
of Jerusalem," "we must be prepared," he writes, "either to drive out by the sword the tribes in possession as our forefathers did, or to grapple with the problem of a large alien population, mostly Mohammedan and accustomed for centuries to despise us." (56) The essay closes with Zangwill's eyes raised to the Magen David, the outcome of the Spanish-American War at his back:
(18) Its central part (with the capital city of Buda) was directly occupied by the Ottomans and turned into a pashalik
, the northwest (the future territories of Croatia and Slovakia) went to the Habsburgs, while the east (Transylvania) became an autonomous principality under Ottoman suzerainty.
After a series of invasions and, conquest by the Mongols and Turkmen, the region fell under Ottoman rule in the 16th century as the pashalik
The governor of a pashalik had the title of Pasha (in Serbian, Pasa).
The Serbian nation was divided at the dawn of the nineteenth century by the borders of the Ottoman pashaliks and by the state frontiers that separated the lands under Ottoman control from those under the Habsburg Empire.
Serbian uprising led by Kara George (Crni Giorgi, Black George Petrovic), who was a pig trader, broke out against Dayis who captured the Semendire sanjak (Pashalik
of Belgrade, territorial core of 19th century's Serbia) and established an oppressive regime over the Serbians in February 1804.
The coherence of the Palestinian land, expressed economically, socially, and culturally, had made it possible and logical in the 19th century for the European powers, in the course of their maneuvers over the Eastern Question in 1840, to offer the Egyptian ruler Muhammad All control over the so-called "pashalik
of Acre," with borders that have since become universally familiar, since "for the first time" five European powers had "defined the contours of that which would in the twentieth century become mandatory Palestine." (6)
After Mohacs, the Turks occupied Budapest, and Hungary was split into three parts: Royal Hungary to the west and north, which became part of the Hapsburg Empire; the middle triangle of the Turkish pashalik
of Buda, which was increasingly absorbed into the Ottoman Empire and now included a large Sephardic community; and Transylvania--Erdely as the Hungarians call it--a semi-autonomous principality nominally loyal to the sultan and jealously coveted by all and which, until 1686, remained largely independent.
However, Macedonia from 1371 to 1912 was a part of the Ottoman Empire without its own administrative-provincial name (pashalik