Rydym yn gyfarwydd a'r siambr gladdu cyntedd Neolithig (passage grave
) yn yr arddull Wyddelig sydd yn dyddio oddeutu 3100 cyn Crist.
"What we have found is two dry stone walls which appear to be the entrance to a neolithic passage grave
." said Richard Newman, who is in charge of the excavation.
Sometime during this period, the Calder Stones were quarried locally to make a passage grave
covered by an earth mound or tumulus.
"The Great Passage Grave
of Maeshowe." Dwelling Among the Monuments: The Neolithic Village of Barnhouse, Maeshowe Passage Grave
and Surrounding Monuments at Stenness, Orkney.
The long passage of a passage grave
could be carefully positioned to allow the sun on the shortest few days of the year to shine directly into the central burial chamber.
The Neolithic burial chamber Barclodiad y Gawres, located northwest of Aberffraw on the Anglesey coastal path, is an example of a cruciform passage grave
, famous for its decorated stones.
It was found that there is a significant concentration of orientations towards east/southeast as seen from within the passage grave
. It can be interpreted that the passage graves
are oriented according to the winter sunrise.
The outstanding monument which overlooks the Irish Sea is an example of a cruciform passage grave
and famous for its decorative stones.
Dwelling among the monuments; the neolithic village of Barnhouse, Maeshowe passage grave
and surrounding monuments at Stenness, Orkney.
The most elaborate is the stone directly in front of the entrance to the passage grave
, where the designs have been executed in raised relief, the background pecked away to leave the design standing out.
Newgrange, which is south west of Drogheda, is a Neolithic or New Stone Age Passage Grave
which is regarded as one of the most impressive prehistoric monuments in Europe.