past perfect


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past perfect tense

The past perfect tense expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.
To form the past perfect tense, we use had (the past tense of the auxiliary verb have) + the past participle of the main verb.
Because we use the past perfect to highlight two separate points in the past, we often use the conjunctions before, when, because, until, or by the time to specify the order in which they occurred in time.
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past perfect

past perfect

adj
(Grammar) denoting a tense of verbs used in relating past events where the action had already occurred at the time of the action of a main verb that is itself in a past tense. In English this is a compound tense formed with had plus the past participle
n
(Grammar)
a. the past perfect tense
b. a verb in this tense

past′ per′fect



adj.
1. pertaining to or being a verb tense or form indicating that the action or state expressed by the verb was completed prior to a point of reference in the past or that it extended up to or had results continuing up to that point, and consisting in English of had followed by a past participle, as had seen in I had never seen anything like it.
n.
2. the past perfect tense.
3. a form in this tense.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.past perfect - a perfective tense used to express action completed in the past; "`I had finished' is an example of the past perfect"
perfect, perfect tense, perfective, perfective tense - a tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed (sometimes regarded as perfective aspect)
Translations
References in classic literature ?
Give me the verb `to be,' potential mood, past perfect tense."
"The subjunctive mood, past perfect tense of the verb `to know.'"
Past perfect: The Zhujiajiao Ancient Water Village 4) Zhujiajiao Ancient Water Town.
Among his topics are nomos and exception, form of life as archive, the fact of law, and past perfect sovereignty.
to know the difference between a compound sentence and a complex sentence, or noun, adjective and adverbal clauses, or be able to identify a past perfect tense etc.
It would be prudent to always remember that in order to be future proof one must first become past perfect.
He draws a smile remembering Professor Pontones, "a very demanding and strict teacher, I remember how he made us conjugate all the verb tenses--present perfect, past perfect, subjunctive to which I would then reply 'how is this going to be any use to me in life?'.
This past perfect of prior ownership is best expressed and justified in a section of the book entitled "Universal Grammar," but it gets established in the formal and thematic structures of the book overall.
He longed neither for a philosophic race of kings, nor an illusory past perfect. He lived for the argument, from which he always thought something lasting might be gained.
When two actions occurred in the past but one was completed before the other, we use the past perfect tense for the first one.