past perfect tense


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past perfect tense

The past perfect tense expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.
To form the past perfect tense, we use had (the past tense of the auxiliary verb have) + the past participle of the main verb.
Because we use the past perfect to highlight two separate points in the past, we often use the conjunctions before, when, because, until, or by the time to specify the order in which they occurred in time.
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ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.past perfect tense - a perfective tense used to express action completed in the past; "`I had finished' is an example of the past perfect"
perfect, perfect tense, perfective, perfective tense - a tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed (sometimes regarded as perfective aspect)
References in classic literature ?
Give me the verb `to be,' potential mood, past perfect tense."
"The subjunctive mood, past perfect tense of the verb `to know.'"
to know the difference between a compound sentence and a complex sentence, or noun, adjective and adverbal clauses, or be able to identify a past perfect tense etc.
Avoid using the past perfect in place of the simple past; that is, do not add had to the verb unless the situation requires the past perfect tense.