patella

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Related to patella alta: patella baja

pa·tel·la

 (pə-tĕl′ə)
n. pl. pa·tel·lae (-tĕl′ē)
1.
a. A flat triangular bone located at the front of the knee joint. Also called kneecap.
b. A dish-shaped anatomical formation.
2. A pan or dish in ancient Rome.

[Latin, diminutive of patina, plate, pan; see paten.]

pa·tel′lar, pa·tel′late (-tĕl′ĭt, -āt′) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

patella

(pəˈtɛlə)
n, pl -lae (-liː)
1. (Anatomy) anatomy a small flat triangular bone in front of and protecting the knee joint. Nontechnical name: kneecap
2. (Biology) biology a cuplike structure, such as the spore-producing body of certain ascomycetous fungi
3. (Archaeology) archaeol a small pan
[C17: from Latin, from patina shallow pan]
paˈtellar adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pa•tel•la

(pəˈtɛl ə)

n., pl. -tel•las, -tel•lae (-ˈtɛl i)
1. the flat, movable bone at the front of the knee; kneecap.
2. any other disklike anatomical structure.
[1665–75; < Latin: kneecap, small plate, diminutive of patina, patena. See paten, -elle]
pa•tel′lar, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

pa·tel·la

(pə-tĕl′ə)
The small, flat, movable bone at the front of the knee in most mammals. Also called kneecap. See more at skeleton.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

patella

The kneecap.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.patella - a small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that protects the knee jointpatella - a small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that protects the knee joint
os sesamoideum, sesamoid, sesamoid bone - any of several small round bones formed in a tendon where it passes over a joint
articulatio genus, genu, human knee, knee, knee joint - hinge joint in the human leg connecting the tibia and fibula with the femur and protected in front by the patella
2.patella - type genus of the family Patellidae: common European limpetsPatella - type genus of the family Patellidae: common European limpets
mollusk genus - a genus of mollusks
family Patellidae, Patellidae - marine limpets
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

patella

[pəˈtelə] N (patellae (pl)) [pəˈteliː]rótula f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

patella

n (Anat) → Patella f (spec), → Kniescheibe f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

patella

n (pl -lae) rótula
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients were identified to have patella alta as the ISI was >1.3.[13] Patellar tilt angle (PTA) was measured.[14] The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) injury was identified based on clinical examination and MRI preoperatively.
patella alta, increased Q-angle with lateral position of the tibial tuberosity, genu valgum, ligamentous hyperlaxity, vastus medialis muscle hypoplasia, external tibial torsion, subtalar joint pronation and increased femoral anteversion.
Patella alta or trochlear dysplasia, which are one of the structural abnormalities of the knee, is considered to injure the patellar cartilage because of chronic impingement between the patella and the trochlear groove during knee flexion.
If physical examination cannot be performed due to cast immobilization or pain, the presence of patella alta on radiographic imaging as well as calcified fragments below the patella may indicate the presence of patellar tendon rupture [7, 9].
The confirmed causes of PF instability are: improper position of bone structures of lower extremity (patella alta, trochlear or patellar dysplasia, misalignment of the leg, rotational deformities of femur and tibia), as well as soft tissue disorders (atrophy of vastus medialis obliquus muscle, medial retinaculum laxity, overtightened lateral retinaculum and MPFL injury) [5, 6, 12, 14].
Other osseous abnormalities, such as patella alta or a tibial tubercle-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance of >20 mm, have also been implicated as factors in acute as well as recurrent dislocation and instability of the patella.
On the lateral view, one can assess for patella alta or trochlear dysplasia.
Singerman, "Effects of patella alta and patella infera on patellofemoral contact forces," Journal of Biomechanics, vol.
In many cases of PFS, a lateral-view x-ray will show that the kneecap rides high ("patella alta").
Plain radiographs of the knee in the lateral plane and comparing this to the contralateral leg often demonstrate patella alta with an Insall-Salvati ratio greater than 1.2 [24].
Congenital dysplasia, for example, femoral trochlear dysplasia, patella alta, increased Q angle, and increased patellar tilt angle, is an important factor leading to patellofemoral joint instability.
Patellofemoral eklem patolojileri MR goruntuleme ile degerlendirilirken; patella sekil varyasyonlari, patella pozisyonu (patella alta ve patella baja) tanimlanmali, eklem kikirdak hasari, ekleme komsu yumusak doku yapilari olan medial ve lateral patellar retinakulum, yag yastiklari, kuadriseps ve patellar tendonun patolojileri, ayrica patellofemoral aci kullanilarak patellar tilt ve troklear oluk acisi kullanilarak troklear oluk hipoplazi/ displazisi arastirilmalidir (1,3).