Matriliny is not the absence of men, nor is it a mirror image of patriliny
. Rather, it is a specific organization of relations of authority, power and mediation between men and women (Peters 1997; Schlegel 1972).
The coexistence of Islam and matriliny has been viewed as a 'paradox' because of strict patriliny
that Islam prescribes.
(13) Yet this very subjectivity is eminently faithful and profoundly normative, focused on Odysseus and his patriliny
. Thus, her independent psychology--and the fame it generates--serves the poem's androcentrism and reinforces the validity of its patriarchal ideology.
Informants explained that men were afraid that they would not have a bond with a child who was not theirs --a logic of biological paternity and patriliny
that also meant that women who remarried often had to leave their children from a first marriage in the care of maternal or paternal grandparents.
In terms of lineages, the author is interested in patriliny
and patrilineage relations that establish and concretize the domination of men over women.
A quite explicit emphasis on patriliny
can be found further west along the coast to the mouth of the Murray River in South Australia (Berndt and Berndt 1993:25-30).
In fact, Frelimo and OMM promote patriliny
, not explicit but as a product of their general policy which centered on the promotion of the nuclear family.
As Clara Tuite observes, "the adoption of the poor niece is a function of the master's charity which throughout the eighteenth century changed from being a patriarchal duty to an individual action, as the aristocratic familial structure changed from patriarchy, which retained ties of kindred, to patriliny
, a structure that reduces kin to the line of descent." (39) That is, the adoption of Fanny is to be viewed as the relatively widespread kinship practice of the period that served for the domestic purposes of the aristocratic family.
Aeschylus has taken care to show the suffering of Cassandra as bound up with her new lord and master, Agamemnon, whose painful fates she articulates, thus providing for us a vision of male suffering which serves to re-affirm the bonds of patriliny
rendered so fragile by the wicked wife.
Some are characterized by matrilineal beliefs and practices, some by patriliny
, some are bilateral, and others combine multiple aspects of these classic types.
, a short hand word for the rule of a patrilineal sense of connection between generations, may have shaped inheritance rules, residence patterns and other rules so that they favor men.
For example, socio-legal research on inheritance practices in Sotho-, Pedi-, and Tswana-speaking communities has revealed practices that allow women to inherit property, despite legal provisions and cultural justifications that continue to entrench patriliny
. Such research demonstrates that cultural practices may "emerge and become solidified as a result of geographic, environmental, economic and political factors," but they are almost always contested and may change as the surrounding context changes.