pawn

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Related to pawning: pawning off

pawn 1

 (pôn)
n.
1. Something given as security for a loan; a pledge or guaranty.
2. The condition of being held as a pledge against the payment of a loan: jewels in pawn.
3. A person serving as security; a hostage.
4. The act of pawning.
tr.v. pawned, pawn·ing, pawns
1. To give or deposit (personal property) as security for the payment of money borrowed.
2. To risk; hazard: pawn one's honor.
Phrasal Verb:
pawn off
To dispose or get rid of deceptively: tried to pawn off the fake gemstone as a diamond.

[Middle English paun, from Old French pan, perhaps of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German pfant.]

pawn′a·ble adj.
pawn′age n.
pawn′er (pô′nər), paw′nor′ (-nôr′) n.

pawn 2

 (pôn)
n.
1. Abbr. P Games A chess piece of lowest value that may move forward one square at a time or two squares in the first move, capture other pieces only on a one-space diagonal forward move, and be promoted to any piece other than a king upon reaching the eighth rank.
2. A person or an entity used to further the purposes of another: an underdeveloped nation that was a pawn in international politics.

[Middle English, from Old French pedon, paon, from Medieval Latin pedō, pedōn-, foot soldier, from Late Latin, one who has broad, splayed feet, from Latin pēs, ped-, foot; see ped- in Indo-European roots.]

pawn

(pɔːn)
vb (tr)
1. (Banking & Finance) to deposit (an article) as security for the repayment of a loan, esp from a pawnbroker
2. to stake: to pawn one's honour.
n
3. (Banking & Finance) an article deposited as security
4. (Banking & Finance) the condition of being so deposited (esp in the phrase in pawn)
5. a person or thing that is held as a security, esp a hostage
6. (Banking & Finance) the act of pawning
[C15: from Old French pan security, from Latin pannus cloth, apparently because clothing was often left as a surety; compare Middle Flemish paen pawn, German Pfand pledge]
ˈpawnage n

pawn

(pɔːn)
n
1. (Chess & Draughts) a chessman of the lowest theoretical value, limited to forward moves of one square at a time with the option of two squares on its initial move: it captures with a diagonal move only. Abbreviation: P Compare piece12
2. a person, group, etc, manipulated by another
[C14: from Anglo-Norman poun, from Old French pehon, from Medieval Latin pedō infantryman, from Latin pēs foot]

pawn1

(pɔn)

v.t.
1. to deposit as security, as for money borrowed, esp. with a pawnbroker.
2. to pledge; stake; risk: to pawn one's life.
n.
3. the state of being pawned: jewels in pawn.
4. something that is pawned.
5. a person serving as security; hostage.
6. the act of pawning.
[1490–1500; < Middle French pan; Old French pan(d), pant, appar. < West Germanic; compare Old Frisian pand, Old Saxon, Middle Dutch pant, German Pfand]
pawn′a•ble, adj.
pawn•er (ˈpɔ nər) paw′nor (-nər, -nɔr) n.

pawn2

(pɔn)

n.
1. one of eight chess pieces of one color and of the lowest value, usu. moved one square at a time vertically and capturing diagonally.
2. someone who is used or manipulated to further another person's purposes.
[1325–75; Middle English poun < Anglo-French; Middle French poon, paon, earlier pe(h)on literally, walker; see peon1]

pawn


Past participle: pawned
Gerund: pawning

Imperative
pawn
pawn
Present
I pawn
you pawn
he/she/it pawns
we pawn
you pawn
they pawn
Preterite
I pawned
you pawned
he/she/it pawned
we pawned
you pawned
they pawned
Present Continuous
I am pawning
you are pawning
he/she/it is pawning
we are pawning
you are pawning
they are pawning
Present Perfect
I have pawned
you have pawned
he/she/it has pawned
we have pawned
you have pawned
they have pawned
Past Continuous
I was pawning
you were pawning
he/she/it was pawning
we were pawning
you were pawning
they were pawning
Past Perfect
I had pawned
you had pawned
he/she/it had pawned
we had pawned
you had pawned
they had pawned
Future
I will pawn
you will pawn
he/she/it will pawn
we will pawn
you will pawn
they will pawn
Future Perfect
I will have pawned
you will have pawned
he/she/it will have pawned
we will have pawned
you will have pawned
they will have pawned
Future Continuous
I will be pawning
you will be pawning
he/she/it will be pawning
we will be pawning
you will be pawning
they will be pawning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been pawning
you have been pawning
he/she/it has been pawning
we have been pawning
you have been pawning
they have been pawning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been pawning
you will have been pawning
he/she/it will have been pawning
we will have been pawning
you will have been pawning
they will have been pawning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been pawning
you had been pawning
he/she/it had been pawning
we had been pawning
you had been pawning
they had been pawning
Conditional
I would pawn
you would pawn
he/she/it would pawn
we would pawn
you would pawn
they would pawn
Past Conditional
I would have pawned
you would have pawned
he/she/it would have pawned
we would have pawned
you would have pawned
they would have pawned
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pawn - an article deposited as security
pledge - a deposit of personal property as security for a debt; "his saxophone was in pledge"
2.pawn - a person used by another to gain an end
assistant, helper, help, supporter - a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; "my invaluable assistant"; "they hired additional help to finish the work"
3.pawn - (chess) the least powerful piece; moves only forward and captures only to the side; it can be promoted to a more powerful piece if it reaches the 8th rank
chess game, chess - a board game for two players who move their 16 pieces according to specific rules; the object is to checkmate the opponent's king
chess piece, chessman - any of 16 white and 16 black pieces used in playing the game of chess
4.pawn - borrowing and leaving an article as security for repayment of the loan
borrowing - obtaining funds from a lender
Verb1.pawn - leave as a guarantee in return for money; "pawn your grandfather's gold watch"
commerce, commercialism, mercantilism - transactions (sales and purchases) having the objective of supplying commodities (goods and services)
consign, charge - give over to another for care or safekeeping; "consign your baggage"

pawn

1
verb hock (informal, chiefly U.S.), pop (Brit. informal), stake, mortgage, deposit, pledge, hazard, wager He pawned his wedding ring.

pawn

2
noun tool, instrument, toy, creature, puppet, dupe, stooge (slang), plaything, cat's-paw He is being used as a political pawn by the President.

pawn 1

noun
Something given to guarantee the repayment of a loan or the fulfillment of an obligation:
verb
To give or deposit as a pawn:
Slang: hock.

pawn 2

noun
A person used or controlled by others:
Translations
يَرْهِنُ
pěšeczastavitfigurka
bondebrikpantsætte
garantipruntejolombardejopeono
casa de empeñosempeñarpeón
ettur
سرباز
pelinappulasotilas
בית עבוטחיילחנות משכונות
pješak
gyalogzálogba ad
peîpeî, leiksoppurveîsetja, pantsetja
lombardaslombardininkaspastumdėlisužstatyti
bandinieksieķīlātmarionete
a amaneta
pešiak
kmet
bonde
maşapiyonrehin vermek

pawn

1 [pɔːn] N (Chess) → peón m (fig) → instrumento m
they simply used me as a pawnse aprovecharon de mí como mero instrumento
he was just a pawn in their gameera sólo un títere en sus manos

pawn

2 [pɔːn]
A. N to be in pawnestar en prenda, estar empeñado
the country is in pawn to foreignersel país está empeñado a extranjeros
to leave or put sth in pawndejar algo en prenda, empeñar algo
B. VTempeñar
C. CPD pawn ticket Npapeleta f de empeño

pawn

[ˈpɔːn]
n
(in chess)gage m
(= person) → pion m
a political pawn → un pion sur l'échiquier politique

pawn

:
pawnbroker
nPfandleiher(in) m(f)
pawnbroker’s (shop), pawnshop
nPfandhaus nt, → Leihhaus nt
pawn ticket
nPfandschein m, → Leihschein m

pawn

1
n (Chess) → Bauer m; (fig)Schachfigur f

pawn

2
n (= security)Pfand nt; in pawnverpfändet, versetzt; to leave or put something in pawnetw versetzen or auf die Pfandleihe or ins Leihhaus bringen; the company is in pawn to foreignersdas Unternehmen ist an ausländische Kapitalgeber verpfändet

pawn

1 [pɔːn] n (Chess) → pedone m (fig) → pedina
to be sb's pawn → lasciarsi manovrare da qn

pawn

2 [pɔːn]
1. n in pawnimpegnato/a al monte di pietà; (article pledged) → pegno
to leave or put sth in pawn → impegnare qc

pawn

(poːn) verb
to give (an article of value) to a pawnbroker in exchange for money (which may be repaid at a later time to get the article back). I had to pawn my watch to pay the bill.
noun
1. in chess, one of the small pieces of lowest rank.
2. a person who is used by another person for his own gain, advantage etc. She was a pawn in his ambitious plans.
ˈpawnbroker noun
a person who lends money in exchange for pawned articles.
ˈpawnshop noun
a pawnbroker's place of business.
in pawn
having been pawned. His watch is in pawn.
References in classic literature ?
As to the washerwoman pawning the clothes, and coming in a state of penitent intoxication to apologize, I suppose that might have happened several times to anybody.
Don Quixote next set about getting some money; and selling one thing and pawning another, and making a bad bargain in every case, he got together a fair sum.
He had tried to raise money by pawning, but what articles he had for the purpose had been refused by the pawnbrokers.