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n., interj., v. peaced, peac•ing. n.
(See also PLACATION.)
all quiet on the Potomac A period of peace during a war; any time marked by the absence of fighting or quarreling. This expression (now used ironically or humorously) is generally thought to have originated and gained currency during the Civil War. It appeared as early as 1861 in an article by E. L. Beers in Harper’s Weekly. Simon Cameron, then Secretary of War, frequently used the phrase in his bulletins reporting the state of the war. Its origin has also been attributed to General George McClellan.
all quiet on the Western Front Peaceful, calm. This phrase is an update of the earlier all quiet on the Potomac. It was the official statement issued each day by the War Department during the periods of relatively little trench fighting in World War I.
bury the hatchet To lay down arms, to cease fighting, to make peace; also to bury the ax or tomahawk. The allusion is to the North American Indian custom of burying tomahawks, scalping-knives, and war clubs as a sign of good faith when concluding a peace. The procedure is described by Washington Irving in Adventures of Captain Bonneville (1837):
The chiefs met; the amicable pipe was smoked, the hatchet buried, and peace formally proclaimed.
The expression dates from the late 1600s. See also take up the hatchet, COMBAT.
calm before the storm A period of relative peacefulness preceding an outbreak of confusion and tumult; the quiet and sane minutes just before chaos erupts. A drop in the barometric pressure prior to a thunderstorm produces an uncomfortable, almost eerie feeling of calmness. This meterological phenomenon has given rise to the popular expression calm before the storm.
dove A pacifist, one who opposes war, in contrast to a “hawk,” who advocates a belligerent, warlike policy; one who favors negotiation and compromise as a means of resolving differences. The dove has been a symbol of peace in art and literature since Noah sent a dove from the ark to see if the waters had abated (Genesis 8:8-12). Dove referring to an antiwar advocate gained currency in 1962 during the Cuban Missile Crisis, and eventually became the label for those advocating withdrawal of U.S. troops from Vietnam.
The hawks favored an air strike to eliminate the Cuban missile bases…. The doves opposed the air strikes and favored a blockade. (Alsop and Bartlett in Saturday Evening Post, December 8, 1962)
halcyon days A time of peace and prosperity; palmy or golden days. The halcyon was a bird, usually identified as a type of kingfisher, which bred in nests floating on the sea. The ancients believed that these birds charmed the winds and waves of the sea into tranquillity during their breeding season.
Thus, halycon days originally referred to the two weeks of calm weather about the time of the winter solstice during which the halcyons bred. The current, figurative sense of halcyon days dates from the latter half of the 16th century.
hold out the olive branch To make an overture for peace; to indicate one’s peaceful intentions. Long considered a token or symbol of peace, the olive branch was represented as such in Genesis 8:11:
And the dove came in to him in the evening; and, lo, in her mouth was an olive leaf pluckt off: so Noah knew that the waters were abated from off the earth.
A more recent example of its use appears below:
My mother … had first tendered the olive branch, which had been accepted. (Frederick Marryat, Percival Keene, 1837)
Today this phrase still frequently appears in formal contexts.
raise the white flag See SUBMISSION.
Past participle: peaced
|Noun||1.||peace - the state prevailing during the absence of war|
order - established customary state (especially of society); "order ruled in the streets"; "law and order"
amity - a state of friendship and cordiality
armistice, cease-fire, truce - a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
conciliation - the state of manifesting goodwill and cooperation after being reconciled; "there was a brief period of conciliation but the fighting soon resumed"
collective security - a system for international peace
Pax Romana - the Roman peace; the long period of peace enforced on states in the Roman Empire
|2.||peace - harmonious relations; freedom from disputes; "the roommates lived in peace together"|
|3.||peace - the absence of mental stress or anxiety|
|4.||peace - the general security of public places; "he was arrested for disturbing the peace"|
security - the state of being free from danger or injury; "we support the armed services in the name of national security"
|5.||peace - a treaty to cease hostilities; "peace came on November 11th"|
truce war, warfare, hostilities, fighting, fight, battle, conflict, hostility, strife, bloodshed, armed conflict
adjective irenic or eirenic
"Peace hath her victories"
"No less renowned than war" [John Milton Sonnet, To the Lord General Cromwell, May 1652]
"Let him who desires peace, prepare for war" [Vegetius De Re Militari]
"Peace is not the absence of war. Lasting peace is rooted in justice" [David Trimble]
"You can't separate peace from freedom because no one can be at peace unless he has his freedom" [Malcolm X Prospects for Peace in 1965]
"If peace cannot be maintained with honour, it is no longer peace" [Lord John Russell speech]
"In the arts of peace Man is a bungler" [George Bernard Shaw Man and Superman]
"the peace of God, which passeth all understanding" Bible: Philippians
"They shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into pruning-hooks" Bible: Isaiah
"War makes rattling good history; but Peace is poor reading" [Thomas Hardy The Dynasts]
"peace: in international affairs, a period of cheating between two periods of fighting" [Ambrose Bierce The Devil's Dictionary]
to be at peace (euph) (= dead) → descansar en paz
Egypt is at peace with Israel → Egipto está en paz con Israel
a world at peace → un mundo donde reine la paz or donde haya paz
I am at peace with my conscience → estoy en paz con mi conciencia
to be at peace with o.s → estar en paz consigo mismo
we come in peace (o.f., also hum) → venimos en son de paz
to disturb the peace → perturbar la paz (Jur) → alterar el orden público
he gave her no peace until she agreed → no la dejó tranquila or en paz hasta que accedió
to hold or keep one's peace → guardar silencio
speak now or forever hold your peace → hable ahora o calle para siempre
to keep the peace (gen) → mantener la paz or el orden (Jur) [citizen] → respetar el orden público; [police] → mantener el orden público
to leave sb in peace → dejar a algn tranquilo or en paz
to live in peace (with sb) → vivir en paz (con algn)
to make peace (with sb) → hacer las paces (con algn)
peace of mind → tranquilidad f (de espíritu)
anything for the sake of peace and quiet → lo que sea por un poco de tranquilidad
the peace and quiet of the woods → la tranquilidad del bosque
in times of peace → en tiempos de paz
see also breach A1
see also rest 1 C1
peace camp N → campamento m por la paz
peace campaigner N persona que participa en una campaña por la paz
peace conference N → conferencia f de paz
Peace Corps N (US) → Cuerpo m de Paz
peace dividend N → beneficios mpl reportados por la paz
peace initiative N → iniciativa f de paz
peace movement N → movimiento m pacifista
peace offering N (fig) → prenda f de paz
peace pipe N → pipa f de la paz
the peace process N → el proceso de paz
peace settlement N → acuerdo m de paz
peace sign N → señal f de paz
peace studies NPL (Univ) → estudios mpl de la paz
peace talks NPL → negociaciones fpl por la paz
peace treaty N → tratado m de paz
to make peace → faire la paix
to make peace with sb (= end quarrel) → faire la paix avec qn
to be at peace with sb/sth → être en paix avec qn/qch
to feel at peace → se sentir calme
to be at peace with the world (= perfectly calm) → être parfaitement serein(e)
may she rest in peace [dead person] → paix à son âme peace of mind
How did your mother succeed in keeping the peace between you? → Comment votre mère faisait-elle pour vous empêcher de vous disputer?
peace[piːs] n (gen) → pace f
to be at peace with sb/sth → essere in pace con qn/qc
he is at peace (euph) (dead) → riposa in pace
to make peace between → rappacificare
to make one's peace with → fare la pace con
peace of mind → tranquillità di spirito
peace and quiet → pace e tranquillità
to keep the peace (subj, policeman) → mantenere l'ordine pubblico (citizen) → rispettare l'ordine pubblico (fig) → calmare le acque