By the time war erupted in Europe in 1939 the Air Corps consisted of three under-strength squadrons at cadre strength and had only half of the pilots that it required to meet its peacetime establishment
. The reliance on inadequate numbers of inappropriate aircraft and the hopelessly poor training regime presided over by Mulcahy placed a burden on all personnel and led to a number of accidents.
Patton, Chesty Puller was ill suited to the peacetime establishment
. He was never politically astute; his blunt remarks about rugged training and a "soft" American public created a hailstorm of criticism from a country long tired of war.
The Indian Army in which they served until independence comprised 18 infantry regiments, each with a peacetime establishment
of about four or five battalions.