pearl

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pearl 1

 (pûrl)
n.
1.
a. A smooth, lustrous, variously colored mass, chiefly of calcium carbonate, formed around a grain of sand or other foreign matter inside the shell of certain bivalve mollusks and valued as a gem.
b. A bead resembling one of these masses.
2. Something small and spherical in shape: "pearls of sweat beading on her upper lip" (Katherine Min).
3. Mother-of-pearl; nacre.
4. One that is highly regarded for its beauty or value.
5. Printing A type size measuring approximately five points.
6. A yellowish white.
v. pearled, pearl·ing, pearls
v.tr.
1. To decorate or cover with pearls or beads resembling pearls.
2. To make into the shape or color of pearls.
v.intr.
1. To dive or fish for pearls or pearl-bearing mollusks.
2. To form beads resembling pearls.

[Middle English perle, from Old French, from Latin *pernula, diminutive of perna, ham, seashell (from the shape of the shell).]

pearl 2

 (pûrl)
v. & n.
Variant of purl2.

pearl

(pɜːl)
n
1. (Jewellery) a hard smooth lustrous typically rounded structure occurring on the inner surface of the shell of a clam or oyster: consists of calcium carbonate secreted in layers around an invading particle such as a sand grain; much valued as a gem.
2. (Jewellery) any artificial gem resembling this
3. (Elements & Compounds) See mother-of-pearl
4. (Zoology) See mother-of-pearl
5. a person or thing that is like a pearl, esp in beauty or value
6. (Colours) a pale greyish-white colour, often with a bluish tinge
7. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) a size of printer's type, approximately equal to 5 point
adj
8. (Jewellery) of, made of, or set with pearl or mother-of-pearl
9. having the shape or colour of a pearl
vb
10. (Jewellery) (tr) to set with or as if with pearls
11. to shape into or assume a pearl-like form or colour
12. (intr) to dive or search for pearls
[C14: from Old French, from Vulgar Latin pernula (unattested), from Latin perna sea mussel]

pearl

(pɜːl)
n, vb
(Knitting & Sewing) a variant spelling of purl12, purl13, purl15

pearl

(pɜrl)

n.
1. a smooth, rounded bead, composed chiefly of aragonite, formed around an irritating foreign body within the shells of oysters and other mollusks: valued as a gem when lustrous and finely colored.
2. something resembling this, as various synthetic substances used in costume jewelry.
3. something similar in form or luster.
4. something precious or choice: pearls of wisdom.
5. a very pale gray, often with a bluish tinge.
7. a 5-point type.
v.t.
8. to adorn with or as if with pearls.
9. to make like a pearl, as in form or color.
v.i.
10. to dive or search for pearls.
11. to assume a pearllike form or appearance.
adj.
12. of or resembling a pearl.
13. set or adorned with or consisting of pearls or mother-of-pearl.
14. having or reduced to small, round grains.
[1300–50; Middle English perle < Middle French < Italian or Vulgar Latin *perla (> German Perle, Old English pærl), for Latin *pernula, diminutive of perna sea mussel]
pearl′er, n.

pearl

(pûrl)
A smooth, slightly iridescent, white or grayish rounded growth inside the shells of some mollusks. A pearl, which forms as a reaction to the presence of a foreign particle, consists of thin layers of mother-of-pearl that are deposited around the particle. The pearls of oysters are often valued as gems.

pearl


Past participle: pearled
Gerund: pearling

Imperative
pearl
pearl
Present
I pearl
you pearl
he/she/it pearls
we pearl
you pearl
they pearl
Preterite
I pearled
you pearled
he/she/it pearled
we pearled
you pearled
they pearled
Present Continuous
I am pearling
you are pearling
he/she/it is pearling
we are pearling
you are pearling
they are pearling
Present Perfect
I have pearled
you have pearled
he/she/it has pearled
we have pearled
you have pearled
they have pearled
Past Continuous
I was pearling
you were pearling
he/she/it was pearling
we were pearling
you were pearling
they were pearling
Past Perfect
I had pearled
you had pearled
he/she/it had pearled
we had pearled
you had pearled
they had pearled
Future
I will pearl
you will pearl
he/she/it will pearl
we will pearl
you will pearl
they will pearl
Future Perfect
I will have pearled
you will have pearled
he/she/it will have pearled
we will have pearled
you will have pearled
they will have pearled
Future Continuous
I will be pearling
you will be pearling
he/she/it will be pearling
we will be pearling
you will be pearling
they will be pearling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been pearling
you have been pearling
he/she/it has been pearling
we have been pearling
you have been pearling
they have been pearling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been pearling
you will have been pearling
he/she/it will have been pearling
we will have been pearling
you will have been pearling
they will have been pearling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been pearling
you had been pearling
he/she/it had been pearling
we had been pearling
you had been pearling
they had been pearling
Conditional
I would pearl
you would pearl
he/she/it would pearl
we would pearl
you would pearl
they would pearl
Past Conditional
I would have pearled
you would have pearled
he/she/it would have pearled
we would have pearled
you would have pearled
they would have pearled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pearl - a smooth lustrous round structure inside the shell of a clam or oysterpearl - a smooth lustrous round structure inside the shell of a clam or oyster; much valued as a jewel
jewel, precious stone, gem - a precious or semiprecious stone incorporated into a piece of jewelry
seed pearl - a small imperfect pearl
2.pearl - a shade of white the color of bleached bonespearl - a shade of white the color of bleached bones
whiteness, white - the quality or state of the achromatic color of greatest lightness (bearing the least resemblance to black)
3.pearl - a shape that is spherical and smallpearl - a shape that is spherical and small; "he studied the shapes of low-viscosity drops"; "beads of sweat on his forehead"
sphere - a solid figure bounded by a spherical surface (including the space it encloses)
dewdrop - a drop of dew
teardrop - anything shaped like a falling drop (as a pendant gem on an earring)
Verb1.pearl - gather pearls, from oysters in the ocean
gather, pull together, collect, garner - assemble or get together; "gather some stones"; "pull your thoughts together"

pearl

noun
Related words
adjectives margaric, margaritic

pearl

noun
Someone or something considered exceptionally precious:
Translations
لُؤلُؤةٌلُؤْلُؤَه
perlaperlový
perle
مروارید
helmi
मोती
biser
gyöngy
perla
真珠
진주
margarita
kaip perlaiperlų ieškotojas/gaudytojas
pērle
perla
biser
biserбисер
pärla
ไข่มุก
موتی
ngọc trai

pearl

[pəːl]
A. Nperla f; (= mother-of-pearl) → nácar m, madreperla f
pearl of wisdom (fig) → joya f de sabiduría
to cast pearls before swineechar margaritas a los cerdos
B. CPD [earring, button] → de perla(s); (in colour) → color de perla
pearl barley Ncebada f perlada
pearl diver Npescador(a) m/f de perlas
pearl necklace Ncollar m de perlas
pearl oyster Nostra f perlífera

pearl

[ˈpɜːrl]
n (= precious stone) → perle f
pearls of wisdom (= wise words) → sages paroles fpl
to cast pearls before swine → donner de la confiture aux cochons
modif [brooch, earrings] → orné(e) de perles pearl necklacepearl barley norge m perlépearl button nbouton m de nacrepearl grey ngris m perle invpearl-grey [ˌpɜːrlˈgreɪ] adjgris perle invpearl necklace ncollier m de perlespear-shaped [ˈpɛərʃeɪpt] adj
[object] → en forme de poire
[woman] to be pear-shaped → être large des hanches
to go pear-shaped (= go wrong) → se gâter

pearl

:
pearl barley
nPerlgraupen pl
pearl-blue
adjsilberblau
pearl fisher
nPerlenfischer(in) m(f)
pearl fishing
pearl-grey
adjsilbergrau
pearl-handled
adjperlmuttbesetzt
pearl oyster
nPerlenauster f

pearl

2
n (lit, fig)Perle f; (= mother-of-pearl)Perlmutt nt; (of sweat etc)Perle f, → Tropfen m; (= colour)Grauweiß nt; pearl of wisdomweiser Spruch; to cast pearls before swine (prov) → Perlen plvor die Säue werfen (prov)
adjPerlen-; (= pearl-coloured)grauweiß; pearl necklacePerlenkette f

pearl

[pɜːl]
1. nperla
pearl of wisdom (fig) → perla di saggezza
to cast pearls before swine (fig) → gettare le perle ai porci
2. adj (necklace, brooch) → di perle; (buttons) → di madreperla

pearl

(pəːl) noun
a valuable, hard, round object formed by oysters and several other shellfish. The necklace consists of three strings of pearls; (also adjective) a pearl necklace.
ˈpearly adjective
like pearls. pearly teeth.
ˈpearl-diver, ˈpearl-fisher nouns
a person who dives or fishes for pearls.

pearl

لُؤلُؤةٌ perla perle Perle μαργαριτάρι perla helmi perle biser perla 真珠 진주 parel perle perła pérola жемчужина pärla ไข่มุก inci ngọc trai 珍珠