peer review

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peer review

n
1. (Education) the evaluation by fellow specialists of research that someone has done in order to assess its suitability for publication or further development
2. (Journalism & Publishing) the evaluation by fellow specialists of research that someone has done in order to assess its suitability for publication or further development
ˌpeer-reˈviewed adj
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.peer review - evaluate professionally a colleague's work
critique, review - appraise critically; "She reviews books for the New York Times"; "Please critique this performance"
References in periodicals archive ?
A reliability-generalization study of journal peer reviews: A multilevel meta-analysis of inter-rater reliability and its determinants.
As the move from traditional to transparent peer review gathers momentum, many open peer review advocates believe transparency can go some way to stave off industry issues such as predatory publishing and fake peer reviews.
Firms that perform audits under the Statements on Auditing Standards (SASs) or Government Auditing Standards (GAS), or examinations under the Statements on Standards for Attestation Engagements (SSAEs), are required to have system peer reviews. The primary objective of this review is to evaluate the system of quality control that the firm has over its accounting and auditing practice.
For example, your peer reviews at ScienceOpen can be added to your ImpactStory profile.
The AICPA Peer Review Board approved changes to its Standards for Performing and Reporting on Peer Reviews (Standards) on Jan.
The Arkansas Medical Society and the Arkansas Hospital Association don't see eye-to-eye on new legislation that deals with physician peer reviews.
(2) On this view, reviewers are just maximizing utility, after all, and most find little in timely and polite peer reviews.
Here, the Writing Center began facilitating peer review sessions when a faculty member, frustrated with peer reviews that seemed quick and content-free, asked tutors to come and show her students how to talk about other students' writing.
The American Medical Association and scholars explain that good-faith peer review is afforded protection in some combination of the following three ways: (1) "involved individuals and institutions are granted immunity from lawsuits"; (2) "information related to the peer review process is deemed confidential"; and (3) "peer review work product is designated privileged and inadmissible in court." (25) All states within the First Circuit have statutes providing some form of immunity, confidentiality, and an evidentiary privilege to medical peer reviews.
MTF-level risk management peer reviews entail only minimal due process procedures: significantly involved healthcare providers are notified in person or by certified return-receipt requested mail of the pending peer review, given access to medical records and redacted relevant documents, and given the opportunity to submit written statements.
The AICPA's Peer Review Board has issued a white paper, Navigating Through the Revised AICPA Standards for Performing and Reporting on Peer Reviews and Related Interpretations (www.aicpa.org/ download/centerprp/White_Paper_final_ 6_23_08.pdf).
Accounting firms without an accounting or audit practice are exempt from peer review requirements; nonetheless, several factors will continue to feed the demand for peer reviews.

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